by ARNAULD, Antoine (1612-1694) & Jacques FOUILLOU (1670-1736) [ed.].
Nancy, France:: Joseph Nicolai, 1727. 1743. hardcover. 9 vols. 8vo. [xxii], 423; [ii], 418, , ; [ii], 436, , ;. [ii], 424, , ; [x], 398; [xxx], 437, ; [ii], 474, ,. ; [ii], 464, [xv], ; [iv], 428 pp. Vol. I engraved frontispiece. portrait of Arnauld, engraved title-page vignette and head-pieces all. vols.; occasional light scattered foxing, Vol. V p. [v] lower margin. torn (not affecting text), Vol. VI p. 431 right margin torn. (affecting 1 word). Original calf, gilt-stamped spines and brown. leather spine labels (only 2 labels remain of the 18), 2 green place-. keeping ribbons per volume; extremities scuffed, front hinges. starting all vols., Vol. I rear hinge cracked, all vols. missing. spine label except Vol. VII, Vol. VII spine had torn. Paper labels to. spine feet. RARE, ESPECIALLY WITH NINTH VOLUME. Good.. FIRST EDITION, complete, of Arnaulds 683 collected letters, supplemented by 102 undated letters, compiled and edited by Fouillou. The elusive ninth volume was not published until 1743. ¶ The great Arnauld was an untiring controversialist; letters of 250 pages, pamphlets, volumes, were poured from his ready pen in defense of Jansens doctrines, and to prove that the heretical propositions were not contained in his works and did not represent his true meaning. It was necessary therefore to silence Arnauld also; and in 1656, he was censured, expelled from the Sorbonne, and all his writings declared heretical and placed in the Index (Martin, p. 303). ¶ Arnauld studied philosophy at the college of Calvi, from whence he removed to that of the Sorbonne. In 1641 he commenced doctor. In 1643 he published a book on frequent communion, which gave offence to the Jesuits. The controversy between them and the Jansenists was then at its height, and M. Arnauld joined the latter, whom he defended with great ability. For this he was expelled from the Sorbonne, on which he went into retirement, and employed himself in writing a great number of treatises. When this famous controversy subsided, in 1668, Arnauld turned his polemical weapons against the Calvinists. His treatise, entitled La Perpetuite de la Foi, in which he was assisted by M. Nichole, brought on the grand dispute between them and M. Claude, in which each party claimed the victory. In 1679 he quitted France, and went into the Netherlands, where he continued to write against the Jesuits and Protestants, with equal sharpness and facility. He died in 1694, and his heart, at his own request, was sent to be deposited in the Port Royal. The works of Arnauld are exceedingly numerous, but mostly polemical. Father Quesnel published his letters in 9 vls. Watkins. ¶ Arnauld, called le Grand by his contemporaries, is not to be confused with his father or nephew bearing the same name. He was a French Roman Catholic patristic Jansenist, theologian, philosopher, and mathematician. Some of his letters relate to geometry. REFERENCES: Martin, Francis, Angélique Arnauld: Abbess of Port Royal, London: Macmillan, 1876; Watkins, John [ed.], A Biographical, Historical and Chronological Dictionary, London: Richard Phillips, 1807. . 3 (Inventory #: LV2085)
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