Chronographia ou reportorio dos tempos: o mais copioso qve te agora sayo a lvz. Conforme a noua reformação do Santo Padre Gregorio XIII ... Nesta quarta impressam reformado, & accrescentado ….
by AVELLAR, Andre do.
Lisbon, Por Jorge Rodrigues a custa de Esteuão Lopez mercader de liuros, 1602.. 4°, contemporary vellum (recased, new endpapers, upper cover creased), with fore-edge cover extensions and remains of ties. Woodcut hemisphere on title page, repeated on f. H5 recto. Numerous other woodcut illustrations in text. Many elegant woodcut initials, woodcut and typographical tailpieces and dividers. Minor browning. Overall very good condition; fine internally. Old ink numbers in margin of title page. Leaves 365-8 with old (contemporary?) ink markings indicating passages and words to be censored or deleted, but without prejudice to the text. Other occasional old, perhaps contemporary ink underlining and scoring of words or phrases, apparently from the same pen, without impairing readability. Contemporary signature ["Veigas"?] in lower blank margin below catchword on leaf C4 recto. (7, 1 blank ll.), 373 ll. [actually 272 ll.: details below]. *** Fifth (?) and final edition of this work dealing mainly with astrology, meteorology and geography; all the editions are rare. Originally a free translation of Jeronimo Chaves' @Chronographia o repertorio de los tiempos, this and previous Portuguese editions (Lisbon 1585, Coimbra 1590 and 1593, and Lisbon 1594) were significantly altered. Attention is given to America (Brazil as well as the Spanish possessions), Africa, Asia and the polar regions.Woodcuts include one of the Earth that shows Brazil and the Southern Continent, a cross-section of the Earth, each of the 12 signs of the zodiac, the sun, the moon and the five known planets. A chapter on medicine and astrology contains three anatomical cuts (one of them full-page). There are also many tables and diagrams.This work is of considerable scientific interest, since it is one of the earliest almanacs to use and describe the new Gregorian calendar, adopted only a decade before this work's first appearance (1593). Avellar gives a complete explanation of the system of epacts that is essential for understanding the new calendar. The calendar was not completely explained until Clavius published his monumental treatise in 1603.Andre do Avellar (born Lisbon, 1546 - date of death unknown; said by Barbosa Machado to have been still alive in 1622), professor of mathematics at the University of Coimbra, was the most noteworthy Portuguese successor to Pedro Nunes. He was one of the New Christians at the University persecuted by the Inquisition from 1616 to 1626, and is said to have denounced António Homem, who was burned in 1624.The foliation skips from 124 to 225 and is highly erratic elsewhere; quires are consistently of 8 except for O@4, Ii@6, Mm@4 and Nn@2, all of which are complete judging from the content], (1 blank l.). Leaf 49 incorrectly numbered 46, 52 unnumbered, 82 numbered 72, 88 numbered 78, 89 numbered 90, 95 numbered 94, 95 numbered 96, 97 numbered 96, 98 unnumbered, 99-106 numbered 98-105, 107-8 unnumbered, final number in 233 printed backwards, 246 numbered 242, 247-56 numbered 246-55, 267 numbered 276, 269 number 266, 276 numbered 275, 277 numbered 257, 279 numbered 259, 284 numbered 280, 291-2 (Bb3-4, but signed Bb2-3) bound in reverse order, 293-4 (Bb5-, but 293 signed Bb4) bound in reverse order, 305-30 numbered 304-29, 330 numbered 303, 331 numbered 338, 349 numbered 350, 350-71 numbered 352-73. Leaf M2 unsigned, L2 signed ij, Q4-5 signed Q3-4, V4 signed V5, Y4 signed Y3, Bb2 unsigned.*** Alden & Landis 602/10: citing only the British Library copy, supposedly with 372 ll. Arouca A538 (locating a copy in the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal, and giving a different collation: the "Taboa" is said to extend to the recto of the eighth and final preliminary leaf, while the main body of text contains only 367 [i.e., 270] numbered leaves; the text of the "Taboa" in our copy, which ends on the seventh unnumbered preliminary leaf, appears to be complete; having examined the copy cited by Arouca in the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal, it is the same as ours, except that it is missing ll. 368-73, and otherwise in inferior condition). Cruz, @Tipografia portuguesa do séc. XVII: A colecção da Biblioteca Nacional, I (all published) 323. Innocêncio I, 58-9 (without collation); see also VIII, 61. Barbosa Machado I, 137. Pinto de Mattos (1970) p. 47 (calling for 373 numbered leaves). Biblioteca Central da Marinha, @Século XVII 38. Coimbra @Reservados 348 (ll. 77 and 78 defective; collation appears to conform to our copy: 8 unnumbered preliminary ll., the last blank, and 272 ll.); @Suplemento 5 (the copy cited in Porbase; incomplete, but otherwise collation appears to conform to our copy). Palha 450 (without collation). Monteverde 311 (collation agrees with our copy). Ameal 183 (collating as our copy). This edition not in JCB, @Portuguese and Brazilian Books. Not in JFB (1994), HSA or @Ticknor Catalogue. No edition of this work in Azevedo-Samodães. Porbase locates three copies: two in the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal (one with title page mutilated and backed, with "folhas perfuradas" [presumably serious worming]; collation given is , 367 [i.e., 266] ll.), and one copy at the Biblioteca Geral da Universidade de Coimbra (lacking the title page and five subsequent leaves; mentions foliation skipping from 124 to 225), and cites the Lisbon, 1594 also at the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal (three copies, two of which are seriously imperfect), and a single copy in poor condition at the Biblioteca Geral da Universidade de Coimbra. Copac repeats British Library only for the present edition, and cites a single copy of the 1594 edition at the Middle Temple Library. NUC: MH (collating , 373 ll.). (Inventory #: 20295)
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