1761. (JEFFERYS, Thomas). THE NATURAL AND CIVIL HISTORY OF THE FRENCH DOMINIONS IN NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA. Two volumes bound in one. London: Thomas Jefferys, 1760. Folio. Contemporary full-calf. (viii), 1-132, 129*-138*, 133-168 pages; (iv), 1-246 pages, 18 folding maps. First edition, second issue. An important mid-eighteenth century work on French Canada, Louisiana, and the French colonies in the Carribean. "Giving a particular account of the climate, soil, minerals, animals, vegetables, manufactures, trade, commerce, and languages, together with the religion, government, genius, character, manners and customs of the Indians and other inhabitants." "A monumental geographical work important equally for its text as well as its maps" (Streeter). The introduction of the first part makes clear the reasons for the publication of the work at the end of the French and Indian War: "The possessions of the French upon the continent of North America, were always an interesting object to Great Britain, as it is always necessary to know the situation, strength and resources of contiquous dominions that belong to a powerful state, whose opposition of interest makes her a natural enemy, and whose military and commercial knowledge makes her formidable as well in peace as in war. But the knowledge of this territory is now become yet more important, as providence has thought it fit by a series of successes almost miraculous, to make it our own." The text of the first part describes Canada and Louisiana; and the second part describes the territories in the West Indies. One of the most important eighteenth-century cartographers of North America, and geographer to the Prince of Wales, Jefferys in part one describes Canada and Laesione, after the Jesuit accounts of Labal, Charlevoix and others. He includes detailed plans of Quebec, Montreal, New Orleans and the siege of Quebec. In part two Jefferys describes the West Indies and South America, with maps of Guadaloupe, Grenada and "Martinico." Thomas Jefferys published some of "The most important eighteenth-century maps of the Americas, a series given cohesion and impetus by the preliminary hostilities and eventual outbreak of the Seven Years War." Thomas Jefferson owned a copy of the second 1761 edition in his library. Poorly respined at an e (Inventory #: 38722)
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