Two fine & large illuminated initials (both a little cropped at head); chapter headings in red, blue, or green; & paragraph headings in red. Gothic type, two columns, 50 lines. 287 (of 288 leaves, without the initial blank). Two parts in one vol. Folio (371 x 275 mm.), 18th-cent. red morocco (the first two leaves mounted on stubs at time of binding in the 18th century), triple gilt fillet round sides, spine richly gilt, arms in gilt of Carl Philip Theodore, Duke of Bavaria (see below), on covers, a.e.g. Augsburg: Johann Schüssler, 28 June & 23 August 1470. First edition, and a magnificent copy from the library of Carl Philip Theodor (1724-99), Prince-Elector, Count Palatine, and Duke of Bavaria. This is the first dated book printed by Augsburg's second printer, Schüssler, who took over the types of Zainer. The Greek editio princeps of Josephus was published by Froben and Episcopius only in 1544, with facing Latin translation. The Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (ca. 37-ca. 100 A.D.), "visited Rome in early adulthood, returning to Jerusalem in 66 on the eve of the Jewish Revolt against Roman domination. He tried to persuade the nationalist leaders that war with Rome could lead only to disaster, but without success. When the revolt broke out in the same year, Josephus was given command of Galilee by the Sanhedrin. He survived the siege of Jotapata and was captured; his life was spared when he prophesied to the Roman commander Vespasian that he would become emperor, but he was kept in captivity until his prediction was fulfilled in 69. After the fall of Jerusalem in 70 he did what he could to help his Jewish friends. Subsequently he settled in Rome, where he received Roman citizenship, a house, and a pension. His first work, De bello Judaico ('History of the Jewish War against the Romans'), in seven books, was originally written in Aramaic for circulation among the Jews who settled in Mesopotamia after the Diaspora, and later translated into Greek (Jerome called him 'the Greek Livy'). The first part of the Bello Iudaico deals with the history of the Jews during the two hundred years or so before the revolt; the rest is devoted to the events of the war, many of which he witnessed in person. It ends with the capture of Masada. His next work was Antiquitate Iudaica ('Jewish archaeology') in twenty books, a history of the Jews from Adam to AD 66, giving a fuller account than the Bello Iudaico of the events covered by the latter work."-The Concise Oxford Companion to Classical Literature. This first edition of any of the works of Josephus consists of the fourth-century Latin translation of The Jewish War ascribed to Rufinus, and the sixth-century translation of the Jewish Antiquities made at the behest of Cassiodorus. PROVENANCE: Carl Philip Theodor (1724-99), Prince-Elector, Count Palatine and Duke of Bavaria (arms on covers); stamp on first leaf of the Royal Library, Munich ("Bibliotheca Regia Monacensis"), now the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (with 19th-century duplicate stamp); and bookplate of Baron James Mayer de Rothschild (1792-1868). A fine copy. First leaf with three tiny wormholes, the second with one. ❧ Goff J-481. . (Inventory #: HillBibl-5305)
You can be confident that when you make a purchase through ABAA.org, the item is sold by an ABAA member in full compliance with our Code of Ethics. Our sellers guarantee your order will be shipped promptly and that all items are as described. Buy with confidence through ABAA.org.