Die Klosterbauten der Cistercienser in Belgien. Im Auftrage des Kaiserlich Deutschen Generalgouvernements in Belgien
by Clemen, Paul, & Cornelius Gurlitt, eds
1916. XLI, 162 pp. scholarly text on historical Gothic abbeys and abbey churches of the Cistercian Order in Belgium, including the Orval Abbey, the Villers Abbey, and the Aulne Abbey, with information on the various buildings making up the abbeys, history, and reconstruction and restoration, extensive notes including bibliographic information, table of contents, full bibliography. Profusely illustrated throughout with 272 text illustrations from plans and measured drawings and 29 fine full-page primarily photographic plates. Spine shaken, some pages loose. Large 4to. Boards. Berlin (Der Zirkel) 1916. The Orval Abbey was founded in 1132 on a site that had been occupied since circa 600, and was well known for its history and spiritual life. The abbey was completely burned down by French forces during the Revolution in 1793, and was not reconstructed until the 20th century. The Villers Abbey was founded in 1146 and abandoned in 1796 in the wake of the French Revolution, after which point the majority of the site has fallen into ruins. The Aulne Abbey was originally a Benedictine monastery founded by Saint Landelinus around 637, and eventually ended up in the hands of Cistercian monks around 1147. It too was burned by the French, only a short time after it had been rebuilt and enlarged. The library, which contained an estimated 40,000 books and 5,000 manuscripts was also destroyed. (Inventory #: 1810)
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