Kirtland, Oh.: Printed by O. Cowdery & Co. for P.P. Pratt and J. Goodson, 1837. -619,pp. 12mo. Contemporary sheep, manuscript and printed spine labels. Binding rubbed, front hinge cracked, but still solid. Small ink ownership stamp and faint manuscript inscription on front endpaper, several newspaper and magazine clippings relating to the history of Mormonism tipped onto rear endpapers or laid in. Leaves A4 and A5 with small tears from gutter to top edge, slightly affecting text. Tanning and light foxing. A very good copy in its original, unsophisticated condition. In a black cloth clamshell box, with gilt morocco spine label. The rare second edition of THE BOOK OF MORMON, with a new preface by Parley P. Pratt, printed while the Church was headquartered in northeastern Ohio. There are some textual changes, and Smith now notes himself as "translator" on the titlepage. This edition is considerably rarer than the first. "The preface (pp.[v]- vi), signed by Parley Pratt and John Goodson, indicates that they had obtained the rights to publish a second edition of 5,000. This probably means that they helped underwrite the publication and shared in the profits accruing from its sale. In spite of the statement in the preface, the exact size of the edition is uncertain. In 1886, Ebenezer Robinson, a typesetter in the Kirtland print shop, recalled a bit tentatively that it was 3,000. This smaller number is more consistent with the relative scarcity of the 1837 BOOK OF MORMON today. The preface further explains that in preparation for the new edition, the first edition was 'carefully re-examined and compared with the original manuscripts' by Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery. Richard Howard has found more than two thousand changes which were written into the Printer's Manuscript of the 1830 BOOK OF MORMON and incorporated into the second edition, and over one thousand other changes not indicated in the manuscript. It would seem, therefore, that the 1837 BOOK OF MORMON was printed from the corrected Printer's Manuscript, and additional changes were made - by Cowdery? - as the book was set in type. Most of the changes are grammatical and stylistic. A few, however, are significant, for example, where 'God' or 'Eternal Father'...are changed to 'Son of God' or 'Son of the Eternal Father.' Thus the 1837 edition is an important progenitor in the genealogy of the BOOK OF MORMON: from it was printed the first sequence of British and American editions culminating in the edition now in use by the LDS Church" - Crawley. Joseph Smith moved the Church to Kirtland, Ohio in 1831, after founding the movement in Palmyra, New York the previous year. The Church was headquartered in Kirtland until 1838, when Smith relocated to Missouri, and shortly thereafter to Nauvoo, Illinois. The first Temple of the Mormon Church was built in Kirtland and stands there to this day. While in Kirtland, the Church also re-branded themselves as the Church of Latter Day Saints, later to be formalized as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Some idea of the comparative rarity of the second edition of THE BOOK OF MORMON can be seen in book auction records for the last forty years, where fifty complete 1830 editions are offered, but only five complete 1837 second editions appear in the same time period. A nice copy of this very rare edition, in the original binding. FLAKE 596. CRAWLEY 35. HOWES S623. SABIN 83039. (Inventory #: WRCAM51899)
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