Two autograph letters, one from Klindworth to Hartvigson signed "K.Kl.", the other from Hartvigson to "Mr. Jacques" signed in full together with an edition of the Piano Concert No. 1
by TCHAIKOVSKY, Peter Il'ich 1840-1893, Karl KLINDWORTH 1830-1916 and Frits HARTVIGSON 1841-1919
Highly interesting information on the authenticity of the versions of Tchaikovsky's First Piano Concerto, which have been controversially debated in recent years (see, for instance, W, pp. 394-395). Of particular importance are two statements: Klindworth's that although he dislikes the changes in the third edition (actually executed by Alexander Ziloti, not by Anton Arensky), he considers them authorized; and Hartvigson's that he used the revised (2nd) version of the concerto when he played it in London in 1877.Klindworth was a "German pianist, conductor and teacher...In 1852... Liszt invited Klindworth to Weimar as his pupil...In 1854 Klindworth moved to London where he remained for 14 years, appearing as a pianist and conductor... In April 1855 Klindworth met Wagner, who had sought him out at the suggestion of Liszt... Wagner entrusted him with the task of preparing piano scores of the Ring, a work which occupied him for many years... In 1867 Klindworth became a founding member of the ironically titled ‘Working Men's Society', a group of musicians which included Edward Dannreuther, Walter Bache (Liszt's best-known British pupil) and Alfred Hipkins... When the Moscow Conservatory was founded, its director Nikolay Rubinstein invited Klindworth to join the piano faculty in 1868, a position he held for 14 years... His association with Wagner did not prevent him from forming a friendship with Tchaikovsky, whose music he helped to introduce to Liszt and other Western musicians." John Warrack and Alan Walker in Grove Music Online."Frits Seligmann Hartvigson... studied under Niels Gade, Gebauer and Anton Rée in Copenhagen... He had further study in Berlin under Hans von Bülow in 1859-62... He settled in England in 1864... In 1867-68 he was a member of the ironically named 'Working Men's Society' (none of them were from the working class), a private group promoting progressive repertoire in London. It was confined to six members; four pianists with Lisztian or Wagnerian credentials: Karl Klindworth, Walter Bache, Edward Dannreuther and Frits Hartvigson; and two lay members, the painter Wilhelm Kümpel and the writer and authority on old musical instruments Alfred J. Hipkins (1826-1903)... On 17 March 1877 under the baton of Sir August Manns he performed Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 in B-flat minor at St James's Hall in London, for the first time in its revised version." WikipediaWe have not been able to identify "Mr. Jacques." Hertha Offner (1896-after 1941) was a Vienna-born pianist. She taught at the Vienna conservatory. Being Jewish, she was expelled from the Reichsmusikkammer in 1940.. Klindworth to HartvigsonOn a postal card. Dated Potsdam, October 23, 1900 (postmark). In black ink. With autograph address to verso: "England. Fritz[!] Hartvigson, Esque. Hertford Lodge Albert Bridge London S.W." In English. Klindworth comments on the editions (versions) of Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto no. 1, op. 23: "The second edition I have made for Tsch. in Moskau [!Moscow]. But since, there has been issued a third edition [which] is now universally used; as there are also a few changes in the form, p[ar] e[xample] the cut in the finale. Some of the present alterations (made by Arensky I have heard) I don't like at all, so the rather brutal chords-effect of the beginning, still I should think T[sc]h. has given his assent to them and that we must consider this edition authorized."Date added sideways, in Hartvigson's hand: "March 17, 1877." [date of first performance of the concerto in London by Hartvigson].Hartvigson to "Mr. Jacques"3 pages. 12mo. Dated October 27, 1900. In black ink on letterhead with "Hertford Lodge, Albert Bridge. S.W." embossed and printed in red. In English. Written following receipt of the above letter by Klindworth. Hartvigson discusses the first [British] performances of Tchaikovsky's concerto:"Tschaïkovsky's 1st Piano Concerto... 2nd performance (1st in "London", hear, hear!) by me on March 17th 1877, at St. James's Hall conducted by August Manns... Though not published, I played for the first time all the alterations made in the 2d edition, as I had them privately from Klindworth. Klindworth has just written this week from Potsdam." Transcription of Klindworth's above letter follows, i.e., of the part concerned with Tchaikovsky, with some tacit corrections and one significant error-Hartvigson writes: "...still I DON'T think Tsch. has given his assent to them..."With:[ W 53; op. 23, arr.]. Concert (No. 1, B moll) für Pianoforte mit Begleitung des Orchesters oder eines zweiten Pianoforte... Op. 23. Neue, vom Componisten revidirte Ausgabe... Pianofortestimme (mit unterlegtem zweitem Pianoforte als Ersatz des Orchesters) Pr. M 12._ [Version for two pianos]. Leipzig: D. Rahter [PN 2920], [ca. 1906].Folio. Original wrappers.  (title), 2-67, [i] (publisher's catalogue) pp. With printed dedication, "Herrn Dr. Hans von Bülow," to head of title. Signature, "Hertha Offner," in pencil to upper right corner of title and handstamp of Schuberthaus Wien to foot of title. Occasional markings in pencil. Wrappers brittle, with significant loss to upper. Uniformly browned; frayed at edges. A later edition of the third and final version of the concerto. W (p. 398) mistakes Rahter's "new edition, revised by the composer" for the second and tentatively dates it "before 1893?" without giving a plate number; most library catalogues also support a date in the 1890s. The plate number, however, clearly points to 1905-1906. Rather's full score, apparently of the same version, carries the plate number 529 (ca. 1893) and seems to have misled librarians and scholars.
(Inventory #: 26816)
Musical Autographs and Manuscripts; Rare Books on Music and Dance; First and Early Editions of Printed Music; Prints, Drawings and Ephemera relating to Music and Dance including Opera and Ballet.
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