by Frank, Gleb Mikhailovich, editor ; [Julius Axelrod, contributor]
Moskva [Moscow]: Mir. Near Fine in Very Good dust jacket. 1977. Hardcover. 334 &  pages; Publisher's tan cloth lettered in dark brown. Original dust jacket. This copy has a t.l.s., dated 31 January 1978, laid in from Gerard Piel, Publisher of "Scientific American" to Dr. Julius Axelrod -- "I thought you would like to see your article republished in Russian in the attached book... When we receive the anticipated royalty payment, we shall send you your pro-rata share. [signed]. From the collection of Dr. Julius Axelrod, a Nobel Prize-winning scientist and specialist in neurochemistry and psychopharmacology who helped to discover how chemicals released by nerve cells in the brain regulate mood and behavior. In the 1940's, Dr. Axelrod played a major role in identifying acetaminophen, the substance later developed and marketed as Tylenol. In 1970 Dr. Axelrod shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with two other scientists, Dr. Bernard Katz of Britain and Prof. Ulf vonEuler of Sweden. Axelrod recognized early on that discoveries about the role and functioning of neurotransmitters would significantly alter the treatment of depression, anxiety and other psychiatric disorders. Their work led directly to the development of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs such as Prozac and Zoloft). During his lengthy research career, he greatly advanced our understanding of the biochemical basis of human behaviour and his contributions to pharmacology were extraordinary. The article referred to in the letter and translated here into Russian was Dr. Axelrod's influential 1974 article for Scientific American: "Neurotransmitters" which originally appeared in the magazine in 1974 [vol 230, pp. 58-71]. In this volume, the Russian translation appears on pp. 250-265, with the original illustrations intact. An excellent copy with Dr. Julius Axelrod's circular embossed private library stamp on the front free endpaper. This is an interesting example of science transcending politics since, before and after his Nobel Prize, Dr. Axelrod also lent his name to several international protests against antisemitism and the imprisonment of scientists in the Soviet Union.; Signed by Notable Personage, Related . (Inventory #: 39612)
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