THE LIFE OF GENERAL W.A. BOWLES, A NATIVE OF AMERICA - BORN OF ENGLISH PARENTS IN FREDERIC COUNTY, MARYLAND, IN THE YEAR 1764
by [Bowles, William Augustus]
New York: Robert Wilson, 1803. 31pp. Modern half calf and marbled boards, gilt leather label. Two ownership inscriptions on titlepage. Slight foxing, very good. A biography of William Augustus Bowles, whose Loyalist leanings during the American Revolution eventually led him to proclaim a short-lived independent Indian nation in Florida at the end of the 18th century. Born in Maryland, Bowles joined the state's Loyalist Battalion as a teenager, and was sent to Pensacola to garrison the British fort there, but was captured by the Creek Indians shortly after his arrival. After several years of living among the Indians, he had begun operating a trading post and had married the daughter of a Muskogee chief. Because of his trade with the British in the Bahamas and his military background, the British government in 1795 sought him to form an Indian nation south of the United States that might act as a check against the new country. By 1799, Bowles was calling himself the "Director General of the Muskogee Nation," and was harassing both the Americans and the Spanish mainly through raiding and piracy. He was eventually captured by the Spanish in 1803, and sent to prison in Havana, where he died of starvation two years later. The first American edition of a sympathetic portrait, reprinted from a London serial, PUBLIC CHARACTERS FOR 1802. This edition prints an addendum noting his capture in 1803 and speculating on his likely fate. Rare, with OCLC recording only six copies. HOWES B667. STREETER SALE 1197. DE RENNE I, p.313. SABIN 7083. OCLC 30021039.
(Inventory #: WRCAM51887)
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