AU NOM DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. LAUSSAT, PRÉFET COLONIAL, COMMISSAIRE DU GOUVERNEMENT FRANÇAIS, VU LE RÉGLEMENT EN FORME D'INSTRUCTION FAIT PAR LE GOUVERNEUR BARON DE CARONDELET, LE 28 MARS 1797, POUR LA POLICE & GARDE DU PONT DU BOYOU ST.-JEAN...[caption title]
[New Orleans, 1803. Broadside, 14 1/4 x 9 inches, with woodcut headpiece of symbolic figure with printed inscription, "Préfecture Coloniale." Minor old folds, moderate wear, and light tanning at edges. Contemporary ink and later pencil inscriptions above text. Minor paper deterioration at top fore-edge due to impurities in ink used for annotation. A very good copy. In a cloth clamshell case, leather label. An exceedingly rare New Orleans broadside printed during the brief return of France's control of Louisiana between the Spanish and American periods of ownership. The decree, promulgated on Dec. 2, 1803 and authorized by Colonial Prefect Laussat and Commission Secretary Daugerot, provides "for the proper policing, protection and surveillance of the bridge that spans Bayou St. John" (Hummel). Spain signed a treaty of cession on March 21, 1801, but this was not announced to the inhabitants of the colony until March 27, 1803. The actual transfer of Louisiana back to France occurred on Nov. 30 of that year, and three weeks later the territory became a part of the United States. Pierre Clément de Laussat, Colonial Prefect, arrived in New Orleans from Paris to take formal possession of Louisiana, and as had already been arranged, to transfer title to the U.S. "Laussat's first official announcement after his arrival in New Orleans was followed by five other proclamations or edicts in broadside form which have been seen and recorded in the course of this study, and there were undoubtedly still others which have not come to light. The purpose of these broadsides was to establish and carry on the machinery of government and to insure the maintenance of law and order after the automatic termination of the authority of the Spanish magistrates and office holders. Most of these bear at the top an interesting woodcut of the typical female figure symbolical of France, and inscribed 'Préfecture Coloniale.' This woodblock was undoubtedly brought by the commission from Paris" - McMurtrie, NEW ORLEANS. An extremely rare broadside printed during France's brief control of Louisiana in the early 19th century. Jumonville records copies at New Orleans Public Library, Tulane, and Historic New Orleans Collection. JUMONVILLE 77. HUMMEL 792, 803. McMURTRIE (LOUISIANA) 27. McMURTRIE (NEW ORLEANS), p.64. SHAW & SHOEMAKER 4549. (Inventory #: WRCAM36599)
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