Collected Papers from the Collection of James Croll, Geological Survey,
by [Geography / Physics/ Science, Offprint/extract Collection] CROLL, James (1821-1890), F.R.S.
Edinburgh,: 1855-1874., 1855. Small 8vo. [pagination varies]. Plates, figures. Contemporary half calf, marbled boards; spine replaced with red kozo, simple title label applied. Very good. NO.  INSCRIBED BY LORD KELVIN. Croll was a Scottish scientist noted for his theory of climate change based on changes in the Earth's orbit. Largely self-taught, he was actually a janitor who perused the Andersonian University library to read books about physics, astronomy and the sciences. He was also a correspondent of Sir Charles Lyell. Based on this collection, he also was in touch with Alexander S. Herschel (who inscribed a paper to him). He also corresponded with Charles Darwin. Toward the end of his life he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society (1876), but retired in 1880. The papers collected here are evidence of his interest in climate change and contemporary studies. CONTENTS (as indexed by Croll):  W. THOMSON, & P.G. TAIT, Sketch of Elementary Particles. Edinburgh, 1864. [44 pp.].  [Tipped-in manuscript note:] "To account for the colours of the companions of double stars we are again forced to enter upon speculative grounds. If the sky be peopled with countless multitudes of dark stars, which as well as the small number that are visible, move only in virtue of their mutual attractions, it cannot be an absolutely unusual occurrence for two stars to come into collision. Whenever this happens, either the two stars emerge from the frightful conflagration which would ensue as one star, or, if they succeed in disengaging themselves, they will be found after the catastrophe moving in new orbits." – Proc. Roy. Soc. vol. XVI, p. 32. [see also: The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, p. 311, 1867]. G. Johnstone STONEY (1826-1911), together with this printing of the same: :On the Physical Constitution of the Sun and Stars. 1867. [with]: Captain C.T. HAIG, Account of Spectroscopic Observations of the Eclipse of the Sun, August 18, 1868. [plate of eclipse]. [with]: Sir John Pope HENNESSY (1877-1883), Account of Observations of the Total Eclipse of the Sun. . . [with]: John TYNDALL (1820-1893), On a New Series of Chemical Reactions produced by Light.  Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science. . . May 1861, featuring: Ludvig LORENZ (1829-1891), On the Determination of the Direction of the Vibrations of Polarized Light by means of Diffraction. [with]: Thomas TAIT, On certain Laws relating to the Boiling-points of different Liquids of the ordinary Pressure of the Atmosphere. [with]: James Clerk MAXWELL (1831-1879), On Physical Lines of Force; Part II: The Theory of Molecular Vertices applied to Electric Currents. [with]: W.J. Macquorn RANKINE (1820-1872), On the Dynamical Theory of Heat. 1864.  RANKINE. Summary of the Properties of Certain Stream-Lines. 1864.  RANKINE. On the History of Energetics. 1864.  RANKINE. On the Approximate Graphic Measurement of Elliptic and Trochoidal Arcs, and the Construction of a Circular Arc Nearly Equal to a Given Straight Line. 1865. Supplement to a Paper on Stream-Lines.  RANKINE. On the Second Law of Thermodynamics.  RANKINE. On Thermodynamic and Metamorphic functions, disgregation, and Real Specific Heat. 1865. [with ms. correction].  RANKINE. On the Expansion of Saturated Vapours.  RANKINE. Note on Mr. Merrifield's New Method of calculating the Statical Stability of a Ship. 1867.  RANKINE. On the Phrase 'Potential Energy,' and on the definitions of physical quantities. 1867.  Sir William THOMSON [Lord Kelvin] (1824-1907). On Geological Time. INSCRIBED "From the Author". [ink marginalia, p.14].  Hermann von HELMHOLZ [HELMHOLTZ] (1821-1894), On the Motion of the Strings of a Violin. 1860. [using a vibrating microscope].  George BLAIR (), Some results in Electro-Magnetism, obtained with the Balance Galvanometer.  A. Crum BROWN, On an Application of Mathematics to Chemistry. 1866-7.  Sir William THOMSON [Lord Kelvin] (1824-1907). On Vortex Atoms. [with]: Sir David BREWSTER, On the Vapour Lines in the Spectrum. [and] On the Radiant Spectrum. [and] Description of a Double and Triple Holophote, and of a Method of a Method of Introducing the Electric and other Lights. [with]: Sir William THOMSON [Lord Kelvin] (1824-1907). On Vortex Motion.  John Couch ADAMS (1819-1892). Address on the Presentation of the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1866.  George Biddell AIRY (1801-1892), On the Supposed Possible Effect of Friction in the Tides, in influencing the Apparent Acceleration of the Moon's Mean Motion in Longitude. 1866. [and] On a Method of Computing Interpolations to the Second Order without Changes of Algebraic Sign. [with 2 folding plates of "The Remarkable Solar Spot of October & November 1865 as observed and delineated by The Revd. Fred. Howlett, F.R.A.S." (1821–1908).  Sir William THOMSON [Lord Kelvin] (1824-1907), On the Observations and Calculations required to find the Tidal Retardation of the Earth's Rotation. 1866.  James CROLL (1821-1890), On the Influence of the Tidal Wave on the Earth's Rotation, and on the Acceleration of the Moon's Mean Motion. 1864. [and] On the Influence of the Tidal Wave on the Motion of the Moon. 1866. [and another, same title].  Captain Sir Frederick John Owen EVANS, R.N., F.R.S., (1815-1885), On the Magnetism of Iron and Iron-Clad Ships. INSCRIBED by the author to James Croll.  James R. NAPIER (1821-1879), On the Most Profitable Speed for a Fully Laden Cargo Steamer for a given voyage. 1865.  G.C. FOSTER, On Chemical Nomenclature, and chiefly on the use of the word acid.  Rev. Samuel HAUGHTON (1821-1897), On the Meteoric Stone that Fell at Dundrum (county of Tipperary), on August 12, 1865.  HAUGHTON. On the Chemical and Mineralogical Composition of the Dhurmsalla Meteoric Stone. 1866.  Professor W.A. MILLER, Address to the Section of Chemistry of the British Association. Birmingham, 1865.  William Robert GROVE (1811-1896), Address to the British Association for the Advancement of Science . . . 1866. INSCRIBED by GROVE to JAMES CROLL.  John TYNDALL (1820-1893), Address . . .  Neil STEWART, F.G.S.E., Suggestions for Extending the Use of the Mariner's Compass, so as to take more complete advantage of its Powers, and therby increase the Safety of Life and Property at Sea. 1865. INSCRIBED "To James Croll Esq., with the author's compliments."  John EVANS, On a Possible Geological Cause of Changes in the Position of the Axis of the Earth's Crust, 1866.  Rev. John KIRK, On the Relation of Metaphysical and Physical Science to the Christian Doctrine of Prayer. CONTENTS (as indexed by Croll):  WRIGHT, Chauncey, Darwinism: being an Examination of Mr. St. George Mivart's 'Genesis of Species,' London: John Murray, 1871.  HUXLEY, Thomas H. Protoplasm; or, the Physical Basis of Life," Reprinted from the London Quarterly Review, October 1869. London: James Beveridge. Printed for private circulation.  CROLL, John. What Determines Molecular Motion? – The fundamental problem of nature. Reprinted from the Philosophical Magazine, July 1872. London: Taylor and Francis, 1872.  CARPENTER, William B. Further Inquiries on Oceanic Circulation. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, 1874.  RAWLINSON, Sir H.C. Mr. Forsyth's Mission to Kashgar relating to the Geographical Results of the Mission.  Prize Medals of the Royal Geographical Society, 1874.  NORTON, W. A. On Molecular and Cosmical Physics. [3 parts].  LOOMIS, Francis E., & F. KOHLRAUSCH. Influence on the Modulus of Elasticity of Certain Metals. American Journal of Science and Arts, Vol. I, Nov., 1870.  HARRISON, Benjamin. On the direction and force of the wind, with the fall of rain and snow, at Wallingford, Connecticut. 1871.  BROWN, Robert. On the Physics of Arctic Ice, as explanatory of the Glacial Remains in Scotland. From the Quarterly Journal of the Geographical Society, Feb., 1871. [11 & 13] MOSELEY, Henry. On the Mechanical Impossibility of the Descent of Glaciers by Their Weight Only. From the Philosophical Magazine, Aug., 1871; Jan. 1872. "From the author".  [same]. On the Steady Flow of a Liquid. 1871.  BALL, John. Note on a Doubtful Point in Climatology. Philosophical Magazine, May, 1855.  [same] Observations upon the Structure of Glaciers. Dec. 1857.  [same] Remarks on the Veined Structure of Glaciers. April 1859.  [same] On the Cause of the Descent of Glaciers. July, 1870.  [same] On the Cause of the Motion of Glaciers. Feb. 1871.  [same] Notice of Soundings Executed in the Lake of Como, with a View to Determine the form of its bed. Geographical Magazine, vol. VIII, no. 8, Aug., 1871.  [same] On Thermometric Observations in the Alps.  MATHEWS, William. On Canon Moseley's Views upon Glacier-Motion. Philosophical Magazine, Nov., 1871.  EVERETT, Professor J.D., Sir William Thomson, Sir Charles Lyell, J. Clerk Maxwell, Prof. Phillips, G.J. Symonds, Dr. Balfour Stewart, Prof. Ramsay, A. Geikie, James Glaisher, Dr. Graham E.W. Binney, George Maw, W. Pengelly, S.J. Mackie [all committee members]. Third Report of the Committee for the Purpose of Investigating the Rate of Increase of Underground Temperature downwards in various localities of dry land and under water. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science for 1870.  EVERETT. On the General Circulation and Distribution of the Atmosphere. 1871.  FERREL, William. Relation Between the Barometric Gradient and the Velocity of the Wind. From the American Journal of Science and Arts, vol. VIII, Nov., 1874.  RANKINE, W.J. Macquorn. On the Mathematical Theory of Combined Streams. From the Proceedings of the Royal Society, no. 123, 1870.  [same]. On the Thermodynamic Acceleration and Retardation of Streams. Philosophical Magazine, Oct., 1870. [27a] GUTHRIE, Frederick. On Approach Caused by Vibration. Philosophical Magazine, Nov., 1870. [27b] [same]. [continued] "Prof. [James] Croll from the Author" inscribed at head of paper.  HERSCHEL, Alexander S. (1836-1907). Path of the Large Fireball of November 6, 1869. h 50m P.M., G.M.T. Inscribed "Dr. James Croll with best regards from A.S. Herschel". [reporting a large meteor].  NAPIER, James R. (1821-1879). Napier's Pressure Log: or, speed indicator for ships: a substitute for the common log. 1871.  [same]. On British Weights and Measures: the pound or libric system. Glasgow, 1873. [With marginalia pp. 7, 15].  [same]. On the Economy of Fuel in Domestic Arrangements. 1874.  [same]. VII. On the Cubic Space and on the Volume of Air Necessary for Ensuring the Salubrity of Inhabited Places. Philosophical Society, Glasgow, 1874. [with] VIII. [same]. On the Effect of Loch Latrine Water on Galvanized Iron. 1874.  BROWNING, John. On a Photograph of Jupiter. Monthly Notes of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. XXXI, no. 2, Dec. 9, 1870.  HAUGHTON, Rev. Samuel. The Principle of Least Action in Nature, illustrated by Animal Mechanics. London, 1871.  Royal Geographical Society – List of Fellows. 1873.
(Inventory #: S13225)
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