· London
by Bodmer, Karl.
Vignette aquatint on paper. London: Ackerman & Co., . Vignette aquatint on paper, 11 7/8 x 17 1/4”, hand-colored, with printed title information, plate mark and plate number, mounted. Light wear to edges; very good. § Plate 20, from Volume 1 of Travels In The Interior Of North America, 1832-1834, by Maximilian, Prince of Wied, Germany, after Bodmer's watercolors. The Fox and Sauks are the original residents of the eastern woodlands and prairie regions in and around Michigan and Wisconsin. They were forcibly relocated to reservations in Oklahoma, Kansas, and Iowa in the 1870s, around 40 years after Maximilian and Bodmer's expedition. "Bodmer first encountered the Sauk (or Sac) and Fox (Mesquaki or Muskwaki) Indians in St. Louis in March of 1833. A group had come to plead for the release of Chief Black Hawk who had engaged in a series of running battles with the US army which had ended in his defeat and capture on 3 August 1832. Bodmer pictures this alert but wary group as they await a decision from the government. All are shown with a crestlike ornament made of stiff deer hair on their heads (some with an inserted feather indicating success in battle). Most carry weapons: a stone-headed club, a musket, a musket-stock axe or a spear. Following a bloody defeat by the French in 1730, the Fox united with their kinsmen the Sauk, and made peace with the French in 1740. By the time of Bodmer's visit their territory was largely between Lake Michigan and the upper reaches of the Mississippi river. Their eventual relocation to the plains released the last hold the Indians had on the Northeastern lands. Karl Bodmer's images show great versatility and technical virtuosity and give us a uniquely accomplished and detailed picture of a previously little understood (and soon to vanish) way of life." (Donald Heald) (Inventory #: 108205)