Traite des Membranes en General et de Diverses Membranes en Particulier.
by BICHAT, Xavier.
Paris:: Gabon, ., 1827. 8vo. xxxiv, 349 pp. Early quarter gilt-stamped black calf, marbled boards. Fine copy. Early edition, augmented with the notes of Francois Magendie (1783-1855). "Bichat conceived the idea of a science of anatomy and pathology based upon an accurate classification of the various tissues of the body, their distribution in the various organs and parts, and their particular susceptibilities to disease (Corner). He is regarded as the founder of modern histology and tissue pathology." - Garrison and Morton 537. "The foundation of histology and tissue pathology. Bichat generalized Pinel's theory, expressed in Nosographie Philosophique (1798) that pathology must be based upon the structure on the tissues of which bodily organs are composed, regardless of where in the body they occur. Bichat distinguished twenty-one different types of tissue, which he classified according to texture and to properties: extensibility, contractility, and the vital properties--organic contractility and sensibility ('insensible' or 'subliminal') on the one hand, and animal contractility and sensibility ('sensible' or 'conscious') on the other. Each tissue differed in its diseases, as diseases were nothing more than alterations in the tissue's vital properties. Claude Bernard said of Bichat that he 'decentralized life and incarnated it in the tissues' - Norman in Hall II, 129.
(Inventory #: MRM1094)
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