Traite des maladies des enfans: ouvrage qui est le fruit d'une longue observation, & appuye sur les faits les plus authentiques: traduit du suedois; De feu . . . par M. Le Febvre de Villebrune, D.M.
by ROSEN VON ROSENSTEIN, Nils (1706-1773).
Paris:: Chez Pierre-Guillaume Cavelier, 1778., 1778. 20 cm. 8vo. xii, 582,  pp. Woodcut head & tail pieces, errata, "d'approbation" & "privilege du Roi" [2 pages]. Contemporary mottled gilt-stamped calf, marbled endleaves; spine ends a bit worn. Inscribed: "EBK Special Pathology Fund. [E. B. Krumbhaar, University of Pennsylvania]. First French translation of the most famous book relating to pediatrics, being the foundation of the modern medical treatment of children. The work is the first systematic guide to children's health, including nutrition, supporting breast feeding, inoculation against small pox, treatment for fevers, jaundice, lactation, suffocation, constipation, epilepsy, vomiting, the care of eyes, teeth, etc. Opium, a narcotic, is discussed, "dangerous to infants." This issue was printed thirteen years after the first. "Sir Frederick Still considered this work 'the most progressive which had yet been written'; it gave an impetus to research which influenced the future course of paediatrics. Rosen was particularly interested in infant feeding." – Garrison and Morton. Rosen von Rosenstein (1706-1773), the famous Swedish physician, was a pupil of Boerhaave, taught anatomy and practical medicine at the University of Uppsala. The polyglot Jean-Baptiste Lefebvre De Villebrune (1732-1809), himself a physician, translated this edition and supplied a brief biography (pp. v-xii). He taught Hebrew at the College de France (1791-4). His interest in bibliography must be notes as he was librarian at the Bibliotheque de la Nation from 1794-5. PROVENANCE: Edward Bell Krumbhaar, Dept. of Pathology, University of Pennsylvania, served as department Chair, 1932-1948, "was a distinguished pathologist and cardiac physician, as well as one of Philadelphia's leading historians of medicine. A founder of both the Section on Medical History of the College of Physicians and the American Association of the History of Medicine (AAHM), Krumbhaar also served as president of the College and of the AAHM. . . . President of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia from 1939 to 1942, . . . professorship of Pathology at the University of Pennsylvania from 1927 to 1942, and his translation of Arturo Castiglioni's History of Medicine in 1941." – University of Pennsylvania Library Archives. REFERENCES: See: Antoine Bayle & Auguste Thillaye, Biographie medicale, vol. II, p. 335; Garrison and Morton 6323; Grulee 713; Hirsch V, 80; Roger Mercier, L'enfant dans la societe du XVIIIe siecle, (1961), p.197; Bibliotheca Walleriana 8208. [FFrye C188]
(Inventory #: M13476)
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