Recherches Sur Le Tissu Muqueux Ou L'organe Cellulaire et Sur Quelques Maladies De La Poitrine. On y a joint une Dissertation du meme Auteur, sur l'usage des Eaux de Bareges, dans les Ecrouelles.
by BORDEU, Theophile de (1722-1776).
Paris:: Pierre Franc., 1767., 1767. 12mo. , x, , 227,  pp. Modern marbled boards with red leather gilt-stamped label. Light foxing. Early inked inscription on editor's introductory page. Very good. First edition. This important work is one of the earliest works relating to the nature of cells and thus human histology. In his research on the mucous tissue, or the cellular organism, and on some in 1767, Bordeu wrote at length, and he seems to speak for the first time. This is the first time the word "tissue" is used to designate a cell organ and mucous membranes. The physiological acceptance was later taken up by Bichat in his Traite d'anatomie [treatise on general anatomy]. Bordeu, a known pioneer in endocrinology, can thus be considered as one of the precursors of histology with this particular work. / "… In his treatise: 'Recherche sur le tissu muqueux ou l'organe cellulaire', published in 1767 in Paris, he describes what we consider since the advent of histology, connective tissues. He was the son of Theophile de Bordeu the elder; both were engaged in teaching at the …" – J. Labat-Robert, & L. Robert, "Aging of connective tissues: experimental facts and theoretical considerations", Aging, 2014 - karger.com / "Having rid itself of ancient theories, 18th-century medicine incorporated chemistry and physics in an attempt to explain the phenomena of life. This was a time characterized by lively debates and heated controversies between medical movements, schools of thought, and the defenders of medical and philosophical doctrines. This intense intellectual activity heralded medicine's entry into the modern era, with the emergence of new subjects like biology, physiology, anatomical pathology, and histology. In France, the doctrine of vitalism was born in Montpellier, enunciated by Theophile de bordeu and Paul-Joseph barthez, professors famed throughout 18th-century Europe. This doctrine asserted that the phenomena of life were not subject solely to the laws of physics and chemistry, but also to a "vital force."" – Christian Regnier, "A Touch of France: The Medical Faculty of Montpellier: one thousand years of medicine." Medicographia, 2015. / The book is dedicated to Antoine de Bordeu (1695/6-1777), counsellor to the king and director of the mineral waters of Bareges as used at the military hospital. See: Jean-Jacques Ferrandis & Jean-Louis Plessis, "Theophile de Bordeu (1722-1776) Un homme d'esprit, de connaissances eclectiques et sachant seduire."
(Inventory #: MRM1421)
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