Historia Cometarum, a Diluvio usque ad praesentem annum vulgaris Epochae a Christo nato 1665. decurrentem, Una cum Indiculo laetorum & tristium eventuum, Cometarum apparitionem secutorum, In qua simul Synopsis quaedam Universalis Historiae proponitur. [With]: Theatri Cometici Exitus de Significatione Cometarum.
by LUBIENIECKI, Stanislaw (1623-1675).
Amsterdami,: apud Danielem Baccamude, Pro Francisco Cupero [Daniel Baccamude for Francis Cuyper] . . . 1666. 1668., 1666. Volume two, Parts II & III. Folio. [xii], 464; , 78,  pp. Collation: [ ]2, (*)4, A4 [i.e. A3-4], B4-3H4, 3I6, 3K4-3M4; [ ]2, A-I4, K6. With 2 a full allotment of 26 HAND-COLORED PLATES ON COMETS, CONSTELLATIONS, DIAGRAMS OF ORBITS, ETC., including 2 hand-colored title-pages (copperplate engravings by Bastiaen [Sebastiaan, or Sebastiaen] Stopendael [Stopendaal], 1637-1693/1707?) after M. Scheits, 1 hand-colored portrait of Joannes Ernestus de Rautenstein, 2 hand-colored double-page plates, and 21 full-page hand-colored plates, by Stopendaal, Gerardi, Gerritsz and others after M.C. Isenius and others. [Plates: 2 double-page: nos. 60 (weakness in paper causing split at gutter), 62; 21 full-page: nos. 62 (facing p.12), 63 (p.26), 64, (p.48), 71, (p.76 – ms. note), 67 (p.104), 70 (p.144), 77 (p.172 – torn at gutter), 66 (p.226), 85 (p.230), 81, (p.242), 79 (p.302 - upper margin torn), 79 (p.320), 74 (p.332), 72 (p.338 – torn at gutter), 70 (p.372), 71 (p.380 – ms. note), 73 (p.383), 68 (p.386), 88 (p.406 [Halley's comet]), 86 (p.412), 77 (p.428)]. While the plates are numbered, there is no discernable arrangement if looking at just the numbering sequence [the lowest numbered plate is 60; the highest numbered plate is 88]. With addenda, index of the plates for both volumes I & II, appendix – all at rear. Pages 3/4 torn with considerable loss to lower corner; pp. 57/58, 175/176, 203/204 torn (no loss). Original full dark calf [ca. 1668], with gilt fillets and a wreath-like device on both upper and lower covers, all edges gilt and gauffered; crudely rebacked with blackish corded cloth (no attempt to match leather), with a very old spine mounted and weirdly stained white – the spine gilt decoration obscured by the white and yet with enough manuscript title (for this vol.) to indicate it belongs together, imitation nineteenth century-style marbled leaves and later endleaves (associated with the time of rebacking). 7 leaves with faint water-staining to outer margin (at front), some minor foxing. Inscription on title of the Collegii Neoburgensis . . . Jesu, 1667. Two plates with minor manuscript notations to the margins, one line manuscript with internal references (at rear). Very good. EXTREMELY RARE HAND-COLORED COPY; FIRST EDITION [parts II & III, but complete in itself]. Lubieniecki's encyclopaedic treatise on comets contains a history of all known comets observed up to 1665. The first, and largest, part (lacking here) comprised Lubieniecki's correspondence with 40 of the leading astronomers of his time. Lubienietski had enlisted the cooperation of the leading European astronomers in the investigation and survey of the 1664-65 comet. He corresponded with, and printed both sides of the correspondence, with more than forty astronomers including: Petrus van Bruxelles and Ismael Boulliau, Rautenstein, Hevelius , Kircher, Schott, Bartholinus, Henry Oldenburg, Riccioli, Huyens, Regiomontanus, Voss, Langius, Guericke, Bullialdus, and others. Also in the first volume is the announcement of Geuricke's EXPERIMENTUM NOVUM MAGDEBURGICUM DE VACUO SPATIO. The correspondents also supplied the author with illustrations on the comet, appearances and courses traversed. The second part (present here) contained a history of all the comets ever recorded in any chronicle or historical work. The third part in on the significance of comets. Halley's Comet is shown during its 1607 apparition (facing p.406), in Ursa Major during late September-October. In another woodcut plate the destructive influence of a fourth century comet is shown (facing p.48). Another plate shows Pegasus, the winged horse (facing p.383). THIS FULLY CONTEMPORARY HAND-COLORED COPY IS THE ONLY RECORDED COPY OF LUBIENIECKI FOUND. BOUND AND EMBELLISHED FOR A SPECIAL PATRON. Lalande states, "Contient une vaste erudition." The fine engravings consist of celestial maps showing the paths of comets and the figures of the constellations traversed. "Since each map represents the observations of a different astronomer, taken together they illustrate the variety of cartographic traditions popular during the seventeenth century. On many of the maps the choices of constellations, of constellation style, and of constellation names are strongly reminiscent of the celestial globes of Blaeu and Hondius. Several other maps carry the Judaeo-Christian constellations introduced by Plancius. From Rome, Kircher sent a map derived from those of Grienberger. On only a few maps are the stars identified by Bayer letters. None of the maps reflects any of the traditions popular during the previous century" – Warner, The sky explored, p 164. Only two complete copies of the first edition are recorded at auction since 1975 by ABPC: the Honeyman (lot 2052, a presentation copy) and Dunham copies. A third copy, with 3 additional titles and 81 plates, but lacking one of the 2 portraits, was sold by Sotheby's, London, 13 April 1989 (lot 94). Of the three copies held by the British Library, two are substantially defective. Stanislaw Lubieniecki (Rakow 1623 – Hamburg 1675) is a Polish aristocrat, astronomer, preacher, historian and writer. He travelled in France and the Netherlands in 1650, took a position preaching in 1652 (Torun). Because of his religious beliefs, he was twice persecuted and deported from Poland and found refuge in Hamburg; then again persecuted in 1667 he was forced to relocate to Altona in the Netherlands. He studied astronomy and in particular the study of comets. In addition to the Theatrum Cometicum, he is also known for his Historia Reformationis Polonicae, (1685) (History of the Polish Reformation). Christof A. Plicht reported that the author died of a poison, perhaps given by a servant, or perhaps from ergotism, a toxic fungus [Hockey]. See: Biographie Universelle. References: Brown, Basil, Astronomical Atlases, Maps and Charts, p. 44 (1681 edition, "interesting but rather rare work"); Brunet III, 1194;Gascoigne 2310; Graesse, II, 270; Hockey, Thomas, Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, I, p. 715; Poggengorff, I, 1508; Sotheby-Honeyman 2052; Thorndike, History of Magic and Experimental Science, VIII, p. 336; Warner, The sky explored, p 164; Yeomans, Donald K., Comets; A Chronological History of Observation, Science, Myth, and Folklore, (1991), pp. 69-94, 266. Not in Houzeau and Lancaster. Locations: Europe: Biblioteca Nacional de Espana, Conservatoire national des arts et metiers [Paris], Danish Union Catalogue and Danish National Bibliography, Leiden University, Universitats- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt / Zentrale, Fristem (Netherlands), Niedersachsische Staats- und Universitatsbibliothek Gottingen, NUKAT, Union Catalog of Polish Research Libraries, Observatoire de Paris, Staats- und Universitatsbibliothek Hamburg Carl von Ossietzky, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Universitatsbibliothek Kiel, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Bibliothek, Universite de Strasbourg, Universitatsbibliothek Greifswald, Universitats- und Forschungsbibliothek Erfurt/Gotha, Utrecht, Universitatsbibliothek Erlangen-Nurnberg. US: Adler, Duke University, NYPL, University of Chicago, Yale.
(Inventory #: S13402)
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