Referencing the full title: [Tahrir Al-Qawaid Al-Mantiqiyah Fi Sharh Al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah (1203 or 4-1276 or 7)]. [Principles of Logic; commentaries on] Commentary on "Al-Risalah al-shamsiyah," a book on Islamic philosophy regarding the basis of logic and rhetoric. Complete commentary with glosses on this classic thirteenth century text. The commentary starts on page 8 and discusses Islamic philosophy, logic, and metaphysics.
1675·[place of origin unknown]
by [Arabic Manuscript] Najm al-Din al-Katibi.
[place of origin unknown]: ca. 1675-1800., 1675. 17 x 27.5 cm.  pp. Largely written in black ink with additional notations in red throughout. Arabic language manuscript with a few minor additions in old Persian. This manuscript, probably written ca. 1675-1800, with no date found within. The calligraphic hand [naskh] in this book is apparently written by the same hand throughout. This book is dedicated to Amir Ahmed. It is signed by the scribe Mohammed Mehdi. The owner of the manuscript, whose name was written on the same page, is blacked-out hiding his identity. There is a sentence that say "225 coins was given" for the contract of writing this work "on the first month of "Mirzan". Later the accounting states that 100 coins were paid in the month of Safar. Binding: old brown calf with red-stained calf spine and flap, endleaves are early marbled papers (or possibly hand-painted in a decorative pattern); endleaves are trimmed at gutter, edges of binding scuffed. Very good. The main body of the work relates the logic phrases of Al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah. One part on geometry may be from Ptolemy's Almagest. The last leaf in the book is a receipt of accounts paid. "The Risalah Shamsyyah having, during six hundred years, been the principal text book of Logic in all Mohammadun schools, appeared to have the best claims to represent the Logic of the Mussalmans." Sprenger alludes to a biographical assessment of Najm al-Din al-Katibi as written by Amyr Kolong, "He is the author of commentaries on the Talakhkhuc, on the Mohaccal and on the Hikmat al'ayn of Rajab 675, (11 December 1272)." According to Springer, Hajy Khalyfah states that he was a pupil of Nacyr aldyn Tusy and placed his death at 693 (Arabic Calendar). - Sprenger (Supple., p.i). The original logic treatise [Al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah] is divided into three books. The FIRST is in four sections 1) On Words; 2) On Simple Meanings (Predicables) 3) Five Inquities on Universals and Particulars 4) On Definitions (the ways of defining). The SECOND book is "on propositions and rules regarding them," also divided into three sections and an introduction: "Definition of proposition and its primary division; Section I: - 1) Its parts and kinds; 2) On the four fenced Propositions; 3) On Privatives and Attributives; 4) On Modal Propositions. Section II: On the different kinds of hypothetical Propositions; Section III: Rules Concerning Propositions - 1) On Contradiction; 2) On even Conversion; 3) On Conversion by Contradiction; 4) On the Cohesion of Hypotheticals. THIRD book: On Syllogism - Definition and division of Syllogism; third section: Conjugate Syllogism containing hypothetical premises; fourth section: On the Interpellative Syllogism; fifth section: Pendents of the Syllogism. Conclusion - first inquiry: On the matter of Syllogisms; second inquiry: On the parts of which Sciences consist. - This contents derived from Spenger. This student's/scholar's manuscript is very rich in commentary, with massed marginalia written throughout. There are even additional notes saved on pasted tab-inserts. Al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah is the most celebrated Islamic book on logic. The Islamic philosophical text of Najm al-Din al-Katibi is still taught today in the Middle East. Texts like the present commentary are very useful to understand what was being taught by religious scholar at the Hawzah (a religious circle). The scribe's work might refer to other commentaries and thereby one can see the influences of the period. The Minasian Collection at UCLA has several manuscripts of commentaries on Al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah. Najm al-Din al-Qazwini al-Katibi (died AH 675 / 1276 CE), "was a Persian Islamic philosopher and logician of the Shafi`i school. A student of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, he is the author of two major works, one on logic, Al-Risala al-Shamsiyya, and one on metaphysics and the natural sciences, Hikmat al-'Ain. His work on logic, the al-Risala al-Shamsiyya (Logic for Shams al-Din), was commonly used as the first major text on logic in Sunni madrasahs, right down until the twentieth century and is "perhaps the most studied logic textbook of all time." Al-Katibi's logic was largely inspired by the formal Avicennian system of temporal modal logic, but is more elaborate and departs from it in several ways. While Avicenna considered ten modalities and examined six of them, al-Katibi considers many more modalized propositions and examines thirteen which he considers 'customary to investigate." - Wikipedia. See: Mohaghegh. PROVENANCE: Almost unknown, but the manuscript came to the United States by way of the Ricardo and D'Ancona families [a descendent of Isaac Ricardo ] who lived variously in the Netherlands, and possibly with roots in Spain or Portugal. The family came to the US ca.1892 to settle in New York. They were Sephardic Jews and tried to make a living here, but that was difficult. Their heritage was buried and so were some precious pieces, including an oil painting and this manuscript and some other items. The piece has been with the family after moving to Cambridge, St. Louis and Santa Monica. This was in the possession of Judith Koffler and now purchased from her by Jeff Weber. References: See: Parviz Morewedge (ed.), Islamic philosophical theology, 1979, p.235; Brockelmann, Carl. Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1937-1949, 2 vols. plus three supplementary volumes. [See: al-Katibi's al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah - Vol. I, p. 612 (466) and Supplement I, pp. 845-847]; For information on al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah, read Tony Street's essay on logic in: The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy, edited by Peter Adamson, Richard C. Taylor, Cambridge University Press, 2005. (pp.247, 250). [Cambridge Companion; Tony Street (2000), "Toward a History of Syllogistic After Avicenna: Notes on Rescher's Studies on Arabic Modal Logic", Journal of Islamic Studies 11 (2): 209–228; M. Mohaghegh article on "al-Katibim Najm al-Din Abu'l-Hasan Al b. Umar," Encyclopaedia of Islam, second edition, Leiden: Brill, 1986-2000, Vol. IV, p. 762a-b. [Encyclopaedia of Islam; In addition there is an edition and translation into English of al-Katibi's Risalah Shamsyyah in the Appendix to A. Sprenger's Dictionary of the Technical Terms used in the Sciences of the Mussalmans, the logic of the Arabians, original Arabic, with an English translation, Calcutta, 1854. [See: "Risalah Shamsyyah"]; Alai ibn Muòhammad Jurjaanai, Muòhsin Baidaarfar, Alai ibn Umar Qazwainai - have written a 480 page book commentary on Al-Risalah al-shamsiyah, published by Intishaaraat Baidaar in 2003 [ISBN: 9789647155151].
(Inventory #: LLV2608)
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