Latium: Id est, nova & parallela Latii tum veteris tum novi descriptio, [etc.].
by KIRCHER, Athanasius (1602-1680).
Amstelodami:: apud Joannem Janssonium Waesberge & Haeredes Elizei Weyerstraet, 1671., 1671. Tall 4to. , 144, , 145-160, , 161-263,  pp. Fine engraved half-title engraved by Romeyn de Hooge (or Hooch), title (with woodcut vignette), engr. portrait of the dedicatee, Pope Clement X, 17 plates and 8 maps (14 double-page), 20 text engravings, decorative woodcut initials and tail-pieces, Index Rerum, Index & Ordo Tabularum Operi Latii Rev.; browning and foxing throughout. Text in double columns. Eighteenth century full blind-tooled calf, recently rebacked and recornered, endleaves are modern, raised bands, brown morocco gilt-stamped spine label. Very good. ACCUMULATING A WEALTH OF ANCIENT HISTORY OF ROME & ENVIRONS. First edition. This is Kircher's detailed study of the history, nature, and antiquities of Rome ["his topographical impressions" – Merrill], and the surrounding countryside, where the author lived from 1635 until his death. Merrill writes that the history of this region, for Kircher, "represented the history of mankind back to Noah, under whom Kircher claims it was first colonized." The ancient name of Latium refers to the area from Rome and southward to Capua. The book covers much more, thus including all the regions surrounding "Rome and northward to Etruria, to its landmarks, villas, and towns, both ancient and modern." – Merrill, p. 58. / Paula Findlen describes the importance of the work as, "Kircher brought together the preceding two centuries of archeological excavation in and around the papal city … creating an important synthesis of a nascent archeological science and providing a history and geography of the region. / With a strong sense of the visual drama of antiquity, Kircher captured the startling juxtaposition of Renaissance and Baroque palaces, perched atop the rocky precipices of southern Lazio, and the ruins of ancient temples and early Christian shrines. He described the antiquity and modernity of faith and its relationship to a pagan past that had become a central cultural preoccupation of seventeenth-century Rome." [The Great Art of Knowing; The Baroque Encyclopedia of Athanasius Kircher. Stanford, 2001, pp. 20-21]. / With this copy, the "Totius Plani Villae Adrianaeae…", a 8-page Table of Contents, is found following page 144, then comes the engraved plate "Hanc Villae Adrianae …". / "Villae celeberrimae ab Adriano Caesare ... extructae vera ... ichnographia ab Pyrrho Ligorio olim, postea a Francisco Contini recognita et descripta .." (2 double plates, followed by "Totius plani villae Adrianae declaratio generalis (6) p.), inserted between p. 144-145." / See: Brunet III, 667; Caillet 5777; Choix 17342; Cicognara 3758; Clrndrning 20.28; De Backer I, 430.24; Grasse IV, 21; Merrill, Kircher, 23. FULL TITLE: Athanasii Kircheri e Soc. Jesu Latium. Id est nova et parallela Latii tum veteris tum novi descriptio : Qua quaecunque vel natura, vel veterum romanorum ingenium admiranda effecit, geographico-historico-physico ratiocinio, juxta rerum gestarum, temporumque seriem exponitur & enucleatur. [ksw]
(Inventory #: LLV2618)
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