[Latin title] Miscellanea: sive Lucubrationes mathematicae. . . ; [English title] Miscellanies; or, Mathematical lucubrations of Mr Samuel FOSTER, sometime publike Professor of Astronomie in Gresham Colledge in London; published, and many of them translated into English, by. . . John Twysden; whereunto he hath annexed some things of his own. . . .,
by FOSTER, Samuel (-1652); TWYSDEN, John (1607-1688).
London:: for R & W Leybourn, 1659., 1659. With 22 TITLES or SECTIONS within, CONTAINS: 1) Stellae Fixae, . . . ad annum incarnationis 1671. . . . Quoad Longitudines. . . London: Leybourniana, 1659. / Astroscopium de Astroscopio. / Astroscopium Concerning the Astroscope. / 2) De Instrumentis Planetariis . . . Of the Planetary Instruments, to what they serve, and how they are to be used. London: Leybourniana, 1659. / De harum Theoricarum Fabrica. How these Theories of the Planets are made. / Observationes Eclipsium. / Ratio facillima Comptandi altitudinem Solis horarian . . . / 3) Problemata Geometrica Varia. London: Leybourniana, 1659. / Page 17 of this section contains a 6-line ink manuscript: "To find the Aria of a Circle is usually found by this Proportion . . . but one third of the Aria of the Bass[?] of this . . . " / 4) Problematum Quorundam . . . Certain Mathematical Problems, (Concerning Triangles as well Oblique as Rectangled,) . . . by J. Twysden. London: Leybourniana, 1659. / Problemata Quaedam succincta condendi Canones Sinuum, Tangentium, & Secantium. / Demonstartio Quadrantis Horometrici . . . / Epitome Aristarchi Samii . . . Solis, Lunae, & Terrae. / 5) Lemmata Archimedis, apud Graecos & Latinos jam pridem desiderata, e vetusto codice m.s. Arabico. London: Leybourniana, 1659. / 6) The Geometrical Square with the Use Thereof in Plain and Spherical Trigonometrie. London: Leybourniana, 1659. / Of Projection. A description of the Horizontal Projection. / p. 8 with marginalia. / Mr. Samuel Foster His Precepts, concerning refracted dials. / 7) The Whole Art of Reflex Dialling, Shewing the way to draw all manner of Dialls which shall shew the hour by a Spot of light reflected from a Glasse upon any Ceiling . . . All performed by an easie Instrument sitted with lines to that purpose. By John Twysden. London: Leybourniana, 1659. / A Short Treatise of Fortifications. Written by J.T. / The Printer to the Reader. / Appendix. The Extract of a Letter written by Master Im. Halton, from Grayes-Inn, in May 1650. / An Extract of a Letter of a later date, written by said Mr. Im. Halton to his Friend, in which he intimates the Construction of an Instrument for taking of Altitudes. / AEquations arising from a Quantity divided into two unequal parts: An the Second Book of Euclides Elements, Demonstrated by species by John Leeke. / p. 1 with minor marginalia. P. 7 signed by previous owner. * * * PHYSICAL BOOK & CONDITION: Folio. [xvi], 27, , 4, 4, 48, 20, 8, 23, , 36, 4, 8, 4, [2 blank], 17, , 26, [2 blank - replaced], 40, 16, [2 t-p], 10*, 2-6, , 10, 7,  pp. [NOTE: 10* - this page misnumbered "10" as it should have been "1" as the beginning of the next section]. Some leaves misnumbered. With 22 parts (including 3 appendices) in one vol., 6 with separate printed title pages; with 11 leaves of plates (including 4 folding); light to moderate foxing throughout, often internally toned and smudged. With 2 general title pages, English and Latin; mended and with elements replaced in facsimile, darkening, dampstaining and dust smudging, margins somewhat brittle. Catalogue leaf mended. Modern full mottled calf with blind- and gilt-tooling, new endleaves. EXTREMELY RARE and with a varied history (no two copies are known to be alike). FIRST EDITION of this series of tracts, though each copy located contains a different number of parts. All were published here for the first time and posthumously. It also contains the Epitome of Aristarchus of Samos as well as the Elements of Archimedes, from the Arabic. / He published little himself, but many treatises written by him were printed after his death, though John Twysden and Edmund Wingate, his editors, state that long illness caused them to be left very imperfect, and Twysden complains that some people had taken advantage of his liberality by publishing his works as their own (Preface to Foster's Miscellanies). / "John Ward tells us that: "He made several curious observations of the Sun and Moon, as well as at Gresham College, as in other distant places (see his Miscellanies)." The Miscellanies, or, "mathematical lucubrations", was a posthumous publication, consisting of a series of papers on varied topics, supplied after Foster's death, by his brother Walter Foster to his friend John Twysden, "a learned and scientific man who acquired great proficiency in astronomy as well as medicine". The curious observations are in a paper entitled "Observationes Eclipsum" and consist of details on eight lunar eclipses, four solar eclipses, one comet, and one sun-spot, made during the period 1638-1652. . . These meetings, sometimes at Gresham College (by implication, in Foster's rooms) led directly to the formation of the Royal Society in 1660. In the more relaxed years of the Restoration, the Royal Society prospered immediately, providing the stage on which the greats of British Science - Newton, Hooke, Boyle, Halley and many others - were able to flourish. Unfortunately, Foster did not live long enough to see the foundation of this most eminent of societies. Ward tells us that he was "disabled by his great and long infirmities" during his professorship, and in 1652 Foster succumbed. Samuel Foster was buried at the church of St Peter le Poer in London." – Mike Frost, Samuel Foster and his Observations from "Distant Places" – web resource. PROVENANCE: Two ownership signatures are noted from: John Frith, 1723 (signed on final leaf) "John Frith Philomath . . . his Book March . . . Don't keep it too long from the Owner" – Rowland: Bell [?] (title-page), with several marginal annotations in this hand in the "Stellae Fixae" section. Note: A certain John Frith, Philomath, was a member of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, but cannot be the same person. / Samuel Foster, born in either Northamptonshire or Coventry at an unrecorded date (died 1652), was an English mathematician and astronomer, matriculated to Emmanuel College Cambridge, in 1616, taking his masters' degree in 1623. He made several observations of eclipses, both of the sun and moon, while a Professor of Geometry and Astronomy at Gresham College (appointed in 1636 and again in 1641, until his death in 1652) and in other places; and he was known particularly for inventing and improving planetary instruments. REFERENCE: Wing F - 1634. See: Frost, Mike, "Samuel Foster and His Circle". The Antiquarian Astronomer. Society for the History of Astronomy, 2006, 3: 31–48; "Foster, Samuel (FSTR616S)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge; Christopher Hill, Intellectual Origins of the English Revolution, 1965, p. 100; Henry Lyons, The Royal Society, 1660–1940: A History of Its Administration Under Its Charters, Cambridge University Press, 1944, pp. 8, 12. NOTE: The Royal Society has Isaac Newton's copy of this work. Harrison no. 627.
(Inventory #: SS13502)
You can be confident that when you make a purchase through ABAA.org, the item is sold by an ABAA member in full compliance with our Code of Ethics. Our sellers guarantee your order will be shipped promptly and that all items are as described. Buy with confidence through ABAA.org.