Le Fortificationi, . . . con l'aggiunta del sesto libro. Doue si mostra con la Scienza, e con la Pratica, l'ordine di Fortificare le Citta, .. . .
by LORINI, Buonaiuto (ca. 1538-ca. 1611).
Venice:: Francesco Rampazetto, 1609., 1609. Two parts in one. Folio. Collation: a6, A4, B2, C8, D2, E6, F2, G-H2, I8, K6, L4, M-P8, Q6, R8, S6, T-Aa8, Bb4. Pagination: , 303,  pp. Includes title page for book six (first added in this edition). Engraved portrait of the author by W. Kilian, numerous large and small woodcuts and diagrams in text, decorated initials. Contemporary vellum, minor stains, title to head of spine in old ink. Inner front hinge opened at top. Few pages with slight toning, some foxing, small tape repair to last leaf (register), otherwise a very nice copy. EARLY WORK ON CONSTRUCTING FORTIFICATIONS. Second, enlarged edition (with additional sixth book and added illustrations). "Lorini's work is the first systematic course of instruction in all aspects of military architecture, and the first work to give measured plans it its illustrations" - Breman. "Buonaiuto Lorini (circa 1538- circa 1611), was born in Florence, won a great reputation in the sixteenth century for his intelligent fortifications and the way he fiercely defended cities. He was employed by the kings of France and Spain, and also by the Dodges of Venice. Lorini's treatise is divided in five books, written in the form of a dialogue with a count (identified as the military man Bestore Martinengo). . . The present work contains a wealth of practical detail and a long and detailed section on the machine tools of construction. . . In 1609 Lorini added the sixth book to his work." -Breman. / "Lorini published a treatise, Delle Fortificationi, which outlined the expectations of a good working design.. . . It centers around the problem of determining which plans succeed, and what qualifications of an engineer are requisite. Design, Lorini suggests, is necessary to all arts, but especially to command. Lorini conceives of design as a process, which allows one to represent both concepts and things as they really are. Design is especially valuable because of concepts and things, invention and nature, can interact together on the simple piece of paper. While this may be a specific interpretation of the role of the architect, Lorini highlights here the importance of clarifying one's invention through design." – Wolfgang Lefevre, Picturing Machines, 1400-1700, MIT Press, Cambridge, (2004). / Book I: That fortification is a science and lays out basic principles and terminology. Book II: The practical construction of works, including bridges, gates, walls, and how to arm them. Book III: Overview of the most significant fortification methods in use to date. Book IIII: Explaining how to adapt planned fortifications according to their situation and renovate old defensive works. Book V: Dedicated to machines of construction, describing and illustrating hoists, and tackle, water-raising engine, dredger for draining swamps, ropes, diving bell for subterranean work, mills, folding ladders, and pontoon bridges. Book VI: Lorini's own experiences in the field, sieges, practical problems, portable fences, likely trajectory of cannon balls, making artillery mobile and protection. / "Palmanova and Valletta [both Italian fortified cities] sprang from experiments, though none was as thorough or as spectacular. . . .the fortress-city must be understood as a development of the geometrically previse citadel, integrating the planned town and the protective fortresses into a single body. Though the four- or five- bastioned citadel is often the prototype, the history of influence is a short one: citadels and fortress-cities are developed almost synchronously and probably owe much to one another. For example, the radial fortress-city designed by Lorini, with its nine bastions and concentric ring roads linking the radial streets that converge on the central square, unmistakingly approximates the realized design of Palmanova." – Pollack, p. 163. / REFERENCES: BL Italian (17th cent) I: 502; Paul Breman, One hundred books on military architecture, 48 [1596/97 ed.]; Paul Breman, Military Architecture Printed in Venice; Paul Breman, Books on military architecture printed in Venice. An annotated catalogue, (2002), 165; Roberto L. Bruni & D. Wyn Evans, Italian Seventeenth Century Books, 3070; Maurice J. D. Cockle, A bibliography of English military books up to 1642, 791; Gamba 1494; Graesse 261; CNCE Venezaine L786; Riccardi I:52-53. / See: Daniele Danesi, Milena Pagni, Annalisa Pezzo, Architetti a Siena: testimonianze della Biblioteca comunale tra XV e XVIII secolo, 2009. p. 184; Martha Pollak, Cities at War in Early Modern Europe, 2010. pp. 67-69. FULL TITLE: Le Fortificationi, . . . con l'aggiunta del sesto libro. Doue si mostra con la Scienza, e con la Pratica, l'ordine di Fortificare le Citta, & altri luoghi, con tutti gli avvertimenti, che piu possono apportar beneficio, per la sicurta. delle Fortezze.
(Inventory #: SS13198)
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