Essai sur L'Humorisme et le Solidisme . . . a la faculte de medicine de Montpellier, le 31 Juillet 1811.
by AMAUDRIC, J. Fortune.
Montpellier:: Jean Martel, 1811., 1811. 24.5 cm. 41 pp. Printed self-wraps; some foxing to title page, soiled. Good. RARE. Dissertation. "Fifty years ago [c.1800-1810], the professional mind seemed to be settled down into exclusive and absolute solidism. It had reached this position after a contest of centuries, and was in none too good humor with an adversary that had held out so long, and whose fascinations had been so hard to withstand. We not only disowned humoralism, but scouted and ridiculed it. The philosophical determinations of Bichat and Cullen, had found lively and effective co-operators in the pasquinades of Moliere and Peter Pindar." Joshua B. Fint, "A Discourse," Semi-Monthly Medical news, Louisville, Kentucky, June 1, 1859, p. 329. ALSO: "In re-evaluating the concept of the fibre," Ishizuka "seeks to redress the neuro-centric view of eighteenth-century medicine, and attempts to locate the fibre body amidst the fundamental shift from humoralism to solidism." " In short, fibre and 'fibre theory' (ie. the theoretical articulation of fibres) occupied a critical place in eighteenth-century medicine, particularly in theoretical medical discourse. Eighteenth-century medical discourse from c. 1700 to c. 1740 is pervaded with fibre-related terms and descriptions such as 'membranes', 'web', 'stamina', 'weaving', 'vibrating', 'folding', 'tone' and 'tension', rather than 'nerves' and the 'nervous system'. These and similar fibre-related words constitute the terminology of the 'Fibre Body'. The prevalence of this vocabulary bears witness to a concerted effort of medical theorists to transform the older medical theory of the 'humoral' and fluid body into a theory of solidism . . . The radical shift from humoralism to solidism, hitherto relatively neglected by medico-cultural historians, is more indispensable for the understanding of the emergence of the modern body than one might assume. The fibre body reigns amidst this shift." - H. Ishizuka, 'Fibre Body': The Concept of Fibre in Eighteenth-century, ?2012 (Inventory #: MMRM1076)
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