Microscopical Researches into the Accordance in the Structure and Growth of Animals and Plants.
by SCHWANN, Theodor (1810-1882).
London:: The Sydenham Society, 1847., 1847. [Incomplete: missing two plates]. 8vo. xx, 268 pp. 4 (of 6) plates [2 facsimile plates supplied [facing pp. 227, 265] in photocopy] [extant pls. found facing pp. 225, 226, 228, 267.] Green blind- and gilt-stamped cloth, top edge gilt; loose end papers laid in with extensive penciled notes. Penciled marginalia and underlining throughout. Bookplate of Edward Barker. Inked inscription on front paper, "From the library of Sir H. B. Allen. The gift of Lady Allen". Ownership stamp of Dr. [John] Maund. Additional inked signature of G.R. Cameron, dated "1/9/26". Paperclip mark on title page and verso. REMARKABLE PROVENANCE. As is. First edition in English. "The cell theory and the germ theory of disease were two of the most important scientific discoveries in the nineteenth century. The cell theory was a keystone of modern biology and, with its advent, the biological sciences began a period of rapid ascendancy. Schwann began his university education at Bonn in 1829 where he was influenced by Muller (see No. 1631 ff.) and later turned to medicine. He studied at Wurzburg and Berlin where he received the M.D. degree in 1834. After graduation, he was appointed assistant in the Anatomical Museum and was able to work closely with Muller in a challenging and stimulating intellectual atmosphere. It was during this period that he made his most important studies and discoveries. In 1839 he accepted the chair of anatomy at Louvain and in 1848 moved to a similar position at Liege where he taught until his retirement in 1880. In Berlin, Schwann was in frequent contact with Matthias Jacob Schleiden (1804-1881) who had abandoned law for medicine, later becoming professor of botany at Jena. In 1838 Schleiden published a paper in which he showed that plants consist of cells which were capable of independent development and yet were an integral part of the total organism. A year later Schwann published his Mikroskopische Untersuchungen uber die Uebereinstimmung in der Struktur und dem Wachsthum der Thiere und Planzen in which he reported on his observations that plant and animal tissues were composed of cells and that the cells of each tissue had their own characteristic appearance. Schwann and Schleiden are considered to be co-discovers of what is sometimes called the Schleiden-Schwann cell theory. Although they are given credit for the discovery, it is recognized that many other investigators also contributed to this great scientific achievement. Schwann made a number of other important contributions to science in addition to the cell theory. He demonstrated that oxygen was necessary for embryonic development and that putrefaction was caused by living organisms which could be destroyed by heat. He showed that the upper esophagus contains striped muscle and described the sheath of the axis cylinder of nerves. He reported on the organic nature of yeast and the production of alcohol by fermentation. It was while investigating the process of digestion that he discovered pepsin in the stomach and later the role that bile plays in digestion. The present work was translated by Henry Smith (1823-1894) for the Sydenham Society. Smith, surgeon to the Royal General Dispensary in London, remarks in the Translator's Preface that "the first physiologists of our day have judged the discoveries which it unfolds as worthy to be ranked amongst the most important steps by which the science of physiology has ever been advanced." Schleiden's "Contributions to phytogenesis," translated by Smith, is also included in the book so the reader may have ready access to the work, since it is referred to frequently by Schwann."" - Heirs of Hippocrates 1754. PROVENANCE: John Maund (1823-1858), physician and analytical chemist, was born on 12 March . . . Maund was admitted to the University of Melbourne (M.D., ad eund., 1857) . . . "He was not married and the sister who had cared for him returned to England. His house was sold to Edward Barker and his practice taken over by J. G. Beaney."; Edward Barker (1816-1885), surgeon and pastoralist, and William Barker (1818-1899), pastoralist and medical practitioner, were born at Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England, sons of John Barker (1789-1833), gentleman, and his wife Mary Anne, nee Elridge (1790-1872); Sir Harry Brookes Allen was Dean of the Medical Faculty at the University of Melbourne 1886-1889 and 1897-1924; Gordon Roy Cameron FRCP FRCPath FRS (1899–1966), Australian pathologist, authored Pathology of the Cell, (1952). Cushing S161; Garrison and Morton 113 (German ed., 1839); Heirs of Hippocrates 1754.
(Inventory #: MMRM1323)
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