ca. 1762-1765 · Paris
Parisian architect P.-J. Galimard (none of the reference works consulted gives his full name) was the son of the distinguished engraver Claude-Olivier Galimard (ca. 1720-1774). He was apparently the pupil of Charles-Nicolas Cochin le jeune (1715-1790), one of the most important and prolific illustrators of French "livre a figures." Galimard was clearly a follower of Andre Le Notre (1613-1700). Niscovered documents reveal that from 1777-1778 Galimard received payments for redesigning the famous gardens of the Château de Freyr in Namur, Belgium (see Deulin, infra - the Freyr gardens were originally designed by Guillaume de Beaufort-Spontin). The present model book is the only surviving document of Galimard's work as an landscape architect, and attests to Le Notre's continued influence.
The illustration of the frontispiece of the work is in the hand of Clément Pierre Marillier (1740-1808), draftsman and etching from Dijon, trained in Paris, prolific author of many French illustrated books. The work is dedicated to "Joly de Fleury," Councillor of State; this individual could have been none other than Jean-Francois (1718-1802) who obtained this post in 1760. On the title-page are three female figures and one child above the armorial device of Joly de Fleury (engraved backwards!) -- In our copy, like that of Dumbarton Oaks and the Holden Arboretum, Cleveland, the final words in the "Approbation" have been erased on the plate.
References: De Ganay 81. Berlin Kat. 3468, recording Marillier's name on Plates 67-68 ("fec. et sculp") which in our copy have been scratched off, presumably indicating a later state. Foulc 230, Jessen 1618, Guilmard 237.51b, Th.B. XIII.124, Cohen-Ricci 4245. Vente Destailleur (Paris, 1895) no. 547. The copy described in Cleveland no. 479 has one plate supplied from another copy (sic!)
Further literature: D. Feutry, "Guillaume-François Joly de Fleury (1675-1756)" (LEcole nationale des chartes, 2008) online. On Galimard, see Nathalie de Harlez de Deulin, "Les jardins du château de Freyr: Etude historique et documentaire" online. (Inventory #: 2772)