by TROMMEN, Abraham van der (1633-1719); Bernard DE MONTFAUCON (1655-1741); Lambert BOS (1670-1717).
Amsterdam & Utrecht:: Sumptibus Societatis, 1718., 1718. // Two vols. 4to. [xviii], 1008; [iv], 716, 133, , 70, xxxvi pp. Indices, engraved headpieces and title-page vignettes, Vol. II engraved tailpiece; pastedowns and free end-papers toned. Contemporary blind-stamped calf, 5 raised bands, gilt-stamped spines and leather spine labels; heavily worn, Vol. I hinges cracked, spine head torn, spine foot missing a piece, Vol. II hinges starting. Bookseller's label of Gustav E. Stechert, New York; Armorial bookplate of [Ernst] Friedrich Wernsdorf, Hartford Seminary Foundation; Isaac Hall bookplates both vols. Internally very good. FIRST EDITION of Trom's concordance of the LXX, or Septaguint—a Hebrew translation of the Greek Old Testament, including the Apocrypha and the relics of Origen's Hexapla, into Koine Greek. A biblical concordance constitutes a verbal index to the Bible. "In this elaborate and valuable work, the order of the Greek Alphabet is followed; the Greek word being first given, to which are subjoined its different acceptations in Latin. Then follow the different Hebrew words, which are explained by the Greek word in the Septuagint version. These different Hebrew words are arranged under the Greek in their alphabetical order, with the passages of Scripture, where they occur. If the word in question occurs in Aquila, Symmachus, Theodotion, or any of the other ancient Greek interpreters of the Old Testament, the places where it is found are referred to at the conclusion of the quotations from the Scriptures; and immediately after these all the passages in the Apocrypha are specified, where the word occurs. The work is terminated by a useful index, a Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon, a Greek Lexicon to Origen's Hexapla (by Montfaucon), and a succinct collection (by Lambert Bos) of the Frankfort and Roman editions of the Septuagint" (Horne, p. 366). "The Concordance of Trommius is a notable monument of learning and industry, surpassing Kircher, as far as concerns consulting the Septuagint, as light surpasses darkness" (Toy, p. 787). "Trommius is understandably critical of aspects of Kircher's work [Concodrantiae Veteris Testamenti Graecae, Frankfurt: 1607] and even includes in his lengthy title (typical for those times) the description 'with words following the order of the Greek verbal elements, contrary to the approach taken in Kircher's work'" (Tov, p. 311). "It is to be observed, that it is not only the Concordance itself that is to be consulted, but more particularly, Montfaucon's Lexic. Graec. ad Hexapla, which Trommius has placed at the end of his Concordance, and which is to be esteemed as a most valuable collection from the fragments of Aquila, Symmachus, and Theodotion" (Magee, p. 428). Trom, "a learned protestant divine, was born at Groningen in 1633, and studied the classics, belles lettres, philosophy, and theology in that university, under Desmarets, Alting, and other eminent professors. He travelled afterwards through Germany and Switzerland, and studied Hebrew under Buxtorf. He then visited France and England, and on his return was appointed curate or minister, in the village of Haren, where he remained until 1671, when he was invited to be pastor at Groningen. In this office he continued forty-eight years, and died in 1719, aged eighty-six. In his eightieth year he was created doctor in theology at Groningen, as a testimony of respect on the part of the university. John Martinius, of Dantzick, having begun a Concordance of the Old Testament, in Flemish, Trommius completed it, and published it at Amsterdam, 1685-1692, 2 vols. folio. He also published a Greek Concordance of the Septaguint" (Chalmers, pp. 41-42). PROVENANCE: Ernst Friedrich Wernsdorf (1718-1782) was a German theologian who studied at the University of Leipsic and was appointed professor of Christian archeology there in 1752, before becoming a professor of theology at the University of Wittenberg in 1756. "His writings dealt with matters of Biblical, antiquarian, and Reformation history. His name has come into new prominence as once the owner of a manuscript of Luther's Tischreden, the document mentioned so early as 1769 by J.T. Lingke. It was doubtless through Wernsdorf's widow, who long survived her husband, that this manuscript came into the possession of Politz, with whose collection of books it subsequently found its way to the city library of Leipsic" (Müller, p. 303). Isaac Hollister Hall (1837-1896) was an American theological author of several works, including American Greek Testaments: A critical bibliography of the Greek New Testament as published in America (1883) and The Revised New Testament and History of Revision (1881). He was the editor of the Sunday School Times, a publication by the American Sunday School Union. // Chalmers, Alexander, The General Biographical Dictionary, Vol. XXX, London: J. Nichols, 1816; Horne, Thomas Hartwell, A Manual of Biblical Bibliography, London: T. Cadell, 1839; Magee, William, Discourses and Dissertations on the Scriptural Doctrines of Atonement & Sacrifice, Vol. I, London: J. & E. Hodson, 1812; Müller, Georg, "WERNSDORF, värns'dorf, ERNST FRIEDRICH," The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. XII, New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1912; Tov, Emanuel, Hebrew Bible, Greek Bible and Qumran: Collected Essays, Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2008; Toy, Crawford Howell, "A Concordance to the Septaguint…," The New World, Vol. I, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1892, 787-790 pp. Full title: Concordantiae Graecae Versionis Vulgo Dictae LXX Interpretum, Cujus voces secundum ordinem elementorum sermonis Graeci digestae recensentur, contra atque in Opere Kircheriano factum fuerat. Leguntur hic Praeterea Voces Graecae pro Hebraicis redditae Ab antiquis omnibus Veteris Testamenti Interpretibus, quorum nonnisi fragmenta extant, Aquila, Symmacho, Theodotione & aliis. quorum maximam partem nuper in lucem edidit Domnus Bernardus de Montfaucon. – EXTRA POSTAGE WILL APPLY. (Inventory #: LV2043)
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