by [LUTHER, Martin (1483-1546)] Johann Matthias SCHR�CKH (1733-1808).
Leipzig:: Bey Christ[ian] Gottl[ob] Hilscher, 1778.. Small 8vo. [ii], 131,  pp. Engraved frontispiece of Luther by Br�hl, engraved title-page and text head and tailpiece vignettes; modern glossy pastedowns and free end-papers. Half dark brown morocco, black pebbled cloth, gilt-stamped spine; worn, spine head and lower two thirds missing. Front pastedown library label, ink library number verso title-page. Good. Later edition of Schr�ckh�s ��eminent� biography of Luther,� first published in 1773 (Backus & Benedict, p. 221). � �Schro?ckh�sympathized with Erasmus� stand in the free-will controversy against Luther�s extreme determinism, which, says Schro?ckh, the modern Protestant church does not feel committed to defend. �Schro?ckh stands by the narrower Lutheran definition of the Reformation. �In Planck and Schro?ckh, despite their differences, Protestantism and the Enlightenment remained in easy association� (Mansfield. p. 46). � �The notion of Luther as the embodiment of the German Volksgeist, for example, could not but degenerate into that of simple patriotism, or �Luther the German.� On this view, when Luther enjoined obedience to the secular authorities on the occasion of the peasants� revolt, he laid the groundwork for �respect for the authorities and for the inner peace of the state��so says church historian, Johann Matthias Schro?ckh (1733-1808). Indeed, according to Schro?ckh, in the intervening centuries all of Europe should have come to understand that the Protestant religion �is alone suited to the legitimate power and the true interests of the princes,� and that �all of this is, without doubt, Luther�s work�� (Perkins, pp. 69-70). � The frontispiece of Luther is fine example of German engraver Johann Benjamin Br�hl (1691-1763). � Schr�ckh �was an Austrian-German historian and literary scholar born in Vienna. He was a grandson to Pietist preacher Matthias Bel (1684-1749)� (Wikip.). REFERENCES: Backus, Irena & Philip Benedict, Calvin and His Influence, 1509-2009, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011; Mansfield, Bruce, Man on His Own: Interpretations of Erasmus, c. 1750-1920, Vol. 2, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992; Perkins, Robert L. [ed.], For Self-examination and Judge for Yourself!, Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2002. (Inventory #: LV2122)
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