by [LUTHER, Martin (1483-1546)] Johann Matthias SCHRÖCKH (1733-1808).
Leipzig:: Bey Christ[ian] Gottl[ob] Hilscher. 1778. hardcover. Small 8vo. [ii], 131,  pp. Engraved frontispiece of Luther by. Brühl, engraved title-page and text head and tailpiece vignettes;. modern glossy pastedowns and free end-papers. Half dark brown. morocco, black pebbled cloth, gilt-stamped spine; worn, spine head. and lower two thirds missing. Front pastedown library label, ink. library number verso title-page. Good.. Later edition of Schröckhs eminent biography of Luther, first published in 1773 (Backus & Benedict, p. 221). ¶ Schro?ckh sympathized with Erasmus stand in the free-will controversy against Luthers extreme determinism, which, says Schro?ckh, the modern Protestant church does not feel committed to defend. Schro?ckh stands by the narrower Lutheran definition of the Reformation. In Planck and Schro?ckh, despite their differences, Protestantism and the Enlightenment remained in easy association (Mansfield. p. 46). ¶ The notion of Luther as the embodiment of the German Volksgeist, for example, could not but degenerate into that of simple patriotism, or Luther the German. On this view, when Luther enjoined obedience to the secular authorities on the occasion of the peasants revolt, he laid the groundwork for respect for the authorities and for the inner peace of the state—so says church historian, Johann Matthias Schro?ckh (1733-1808). Indeed, according to Schro?ckh, in the intervening centuries all of Europe should have come to understand that the Protestant religion is alone suited to the legitimate power and the true interests of the princes, and that all of this is, without doubt, Luthers work (Perkins, pp. 69-70). ¶ The frontispiece of Luther is fine example of German engraver Johann Benjamin Brühl (1691-1763). ¶ Schröckh was an Austrian-German historian and literary scholar born in Vienna. He was a grandson to Pietist preacher Matthias Bel (1684-1749) (Wikip.). REFERENCES: Backus, Irena & Philip Benedict, Calvin and His Influence, 1509-2009, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011; Mansfield, Bruce, Man on His Own: Interpretations of Erasmus, c. 1750-1920, Vol. 2, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992; Perkins, Robert L. [ed.], For Self- examination and Judge for Yourself!, Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2002. . 3 (Inventory #: LV2122)
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