1850?] · [Stafford
A two-page solicitation for donations to build Coton Hill Hospital, a new institution designed by architect Frederick Sandham Waller to accommodate the first two of the historical "three classes" of Staffordshire mental health patients: "Class I. — Persons of superior rank, who shall respectively contribute to the charge of maintenance according to their pecuniary abilities. Class II. — Persons in limited circumstances, though not paupers, whose payments shall be assisted and relieved out of the funds of the Charity, and the excess of payments imposed on the more affluent. Class III. — Persons being paupers, sent by Justices of the Peace for the County, pursuant to the provisions of the said Act of Parliament."
Founded in 1814, the Asylum was by the time of this appeal overwhelmed by the number of County residents needing care, especially from Class III; and, after the failure of efforts to find adjoining land allowing enlargement of facilities on the old mixed principle, decision was taken to build a new center for Class I and II patients within a half-mile's distance. The original provision that better-off patients paying according to their abilities would subsidize the care of the others was explicitly to be maintained, as per the solicitation in hand.
Conjoined is a => full-page engraving of the proposed design, signed "Warrington, sc." The completed Coton Hill opened in 1854. Its main portions have been demolished though the chapel in the engraving and a gatehouse still stand.
Provenance: "Dr. J.S. Butler" stamped at the top of p. 1; we note that there was a Dr. J.S. Butler who was a noted psychiatrist in Connecticut in the 1850s, 1860s, and 1870s.
Searches of NUC, WorldCat, and COPAC locate only one copy worldwide. The two leaves almost entirely separated, with gentle age-toning and small chipping and tears to edges not touching text or approaching platemark. (Inventory #: 36108)