Schola Steganographica, In Classes Octo Distributa quibus, praeter alia multa, ac jucundissima, explicantur Artificia Nova, Queis quilibet, scribendo Epistolam .
by SCHOTT, Gaspar (Caspar, Kaspar).
Nuremberg:: Jobus Hertz for Johann Andrea Endter & Heirs of Wolfgang Junior, 1665.. Sm. 4to. , 346,  pp. Extra-engraved title page (signed T.F.F.), half-title, title page printed in red and black, engraved arms of Ferdinand Maximilian (1625-1669), Hereditary Prince of Baden-Baden, 8 engraved plates (6 double-page, 2 folding), 3 tables (1 folding, 1 double-page), text engravings, woodcut initials, head and tail pieces. Lacks 2Y1-2 book-list of Schotts works, found in some copies [supplied in photo-copy facs.]. Contemporary vellum, title in old hand on spine, edges speckled red; minor toning and foxing, vellum browned as usual; one tie remains. Bookplate of Hedwig & Eberhard Frey dated 1920, drawn by Reinhold Nägele (1884-1972). One plate with repaired tears at blank tab; otherwise a fine copy. FIRST EDITION OF THIS EARLY WORK ON CRYPTOGRAPHY AND CIPHERS, AND MORE SPECIFICALLY SECRET WRITING. Noel Malcolm points out that political and religious authorities want to conceal the knowledge of esoteric or secret doctrines in order to control power and stressing the importance of keeping secret ones counsel. –See: Private and Public Knowledge, by Noel Malcolm, in Findlen [below], p.305. ¶ Schott (1608-1666) Jesuit, student and assistant of Athanasius Kircher, during the last years of his life he decided to publish the mass of material he had collected on scientific subjects both from his own researches and those of others. He produced in a period of eight years (1658-1666) eleven books. He taught mathematics and physics at Mainz and Würzberg. He ...yearned for the intellectual delights of Rome, and after twenty-five years in Italy he suffered from German winters and had to have his own hypocaust installed...Exhausted, it is said, by overwork on his books, he died in 1666. - DSB XII, p.211. ¶ Steganography falls into two branches, linguistic steganography and technical steganography. Only the first is closely related to cryptography. The technical aspect can be covered very quickly: invisible inks have been in use since Plinys time. Onion juice and milk have proved popular and effective through the ages (turning brown under heat or ultraviolet light). – Friedrich L. Bauer, Decrypted Secrets: Methods and Maxims of Cryptology, p.8. PROVENANCE: Hedwig & Eberhard Frey. Eberhard Frey (1872-1963) was a German writer and art critic and a collector (and writer about) of bookplates. See: Richard Braungart, Deutsche Exlibris und Andrere Kleingraphik der Gegenwart. (1922), p.71. REFERENCES: VD 17 3:006423R; Dunnhaupt (2ed.) V,12.1; Caillet 10007;. Graesse VI, part 1 315. Hirsch III,551;. Jantz II,2262; De Backer/ Sommervogel VIII, 910; Wheeler Gift I,190; BL 17th German S1254; Galland 163. See: Umberto Eco, Kircher Tra Steganografia E Poligrafia, in Athanasius Kircher S.J. Il Museo del Mondo, Rome, 2001, pp. 211-213, for a discussion of Schotts revision of Kirchers work on secret-writing. See: Paula Findlen Athanasius Kircher: The Last Man who Knew Everything. Routledge, 2004. FULL TITLE: Schola Steganographica, In Classes Octo Distributa quibus, praeter alia multa, ac jucundissima, explicantur Artificia Nova, Queis quilibet, scribendo Epistolam qualibet de re, & quocunque idiomare, potest alteri absenti, eorundem artificiorum conscio, arcanum animi sui conceptum, sine ulla secreti latensis suspicione manifestare & scriptam ab aliis eâdem arte,quacunque linguâ, intelligere & interpretari. [PLEASE CONTACT DIRECT FOR FURTHER INFORMATION].
(Inventory #: S13084)
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