1733 · Cordoba [Spain]
Lozano (1697–1752) was a Spanish-born Jesuit missionary who was sent to the South America where he studied at the Collegium Maximum in Cordoba, Argentina, later becoming a lecturer in philosophy and theology there. For the six year period 1724 to 1730 he taught at the Jesuit colegio in Santa Fe, Argentina. He is best remembered as a reliable historian of the Jesuit province of Paraguay. => This is his major work on the natural history of the Chaco region, its native population and their rites, customs, and history; and the various attempts by Spain and Portugal to either conquer, pacify, or enslave them.
Provenance: Manuscript note on 10th preliminary leaf, "Es de Agustin Leyza quien se lo remite a Don Esteban Martin de Urizar, con su mapa al principio." Below which is Urizar's note, "Recibi lo en Lima, pr[incipi]o marzo de 1736." Martin de Urizar was apparently not related to Esteban de Urizar y Arespacochaga, the great colonial governor of Tucuman, Argentina, who was involved in several expeditions against "rebellious" native populations of the Chaco region. That being said, Martin de Urizar was himself a general in the viceroyalty of Peru and had some firsthand knowledge of the region and its population.
Evidence of readership: Martin de Urizar has supplied marginal commentary in several places. "Esto y mucho mas he oydo de estos barbaros, amantissimos de su vida bestial, e yncapases de reducir." "Tuviera yo por un milagro muy grande si hubiera reducido a nuestra fe un barbaro de estos ya grande; se han visto muchos que se sacaron ninos y despues de catequisados y criados en Salta y Jujui, se han huido . . . y salido los mayores enemigos." "Fue lastimosa esta perdida, porque eran yndios valientes y se habian declarado fieles a los espanoles y enemigos de los [otros]." "Yo no creo esta relacion."
=> The number of colonial-era books that have significant or interesting contemporary marginalia is very, very small.
Sabin 19696 & 42598; Medina, BHA, 2890; Huth 870; LeClerc 1906; DeBacker-Sommervogel, V, 130. 19th-century quarter vellum with mottled paper sides, lacking map; front hinge cracked with binding yet strong. Margins (with marginalia as above) remarkably UNcropped by the 19th-century binder; a clean, good+++ copy retaining its important marginalia in good state. (Inventory #: 34641)