Sur Une Substance Nouvelle Radio-active, Contenue Dans La Pechblende...
first editionHard Cover
by Curie, Marie
Paris, 1898. First Edition. Hard Cover. 4to. pages 175-178, P. Curie, S. Curie, presentee par M. Becquerel. [Bound with:] Sur une nouvelle substance fortement radio-active, contenue dans la pechblende. Paris, 1898; FIRST EDITION, pages 1215-1217, 4to; P. Curie and Mme. Curie and G. Bemont, presentee par M. Becquerel. [Bound with:] Sur le spectre d'une substance radio-active. Note de E. Demarcay.Paris, 1898; FIRST EDITION, page 1218, 4to. Published in: Comptes Rendus Hebdomadiares des Seances del'Academie des Sciences. Paris, 1898, volume 127; original black and white paper covered boards, with printed label on front panel; 4to, 144-209 pp. [second title page] 1180-1302 pp. Minor wear at extremities, otherwise a fine copy of these rare and important works. The Curies discovered radium shortly after their discovery of the radio-active substance polonium, both found in pitchblende (uranium ore). Polonium was so named after Mme. Curie's native country, Poland. Radium was estimated by Mme. Curie (in 1898) to have a probable atomic weight of 226.2 and was about two million times as radio-active as uranium (Printing and the Mind of Man, 394). Radium has found many uses in medicine and industry. In1903 the Curies and Becquerel were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics; Becquerel's work was instrumental to the Curies" discoveries.The above paper "Sur le spectre d'une substance radio-active" by Demarcay, confirmed the Curies' discovery of the presence of radium in pitchblende. Marie (Maria Sklodowska) Curie (1867-1934). Chemist, physicist, Professor at the Sorbonne, discoverer of the elements radium and polonium. Madame Curie succeeded her husband, Pierre Curie, as professor of physics at the Sorbonne in Paris, in 1906, thus becoming the first woman titular professor at Sorbonne. She founded the Radium Institute in Warsaw, in 1913; she visited the United States in 1921 and was presented with a gram of radium-salt by President Warren G. Harding. Madame Curie was the only person to receive the Nobel Prize twice - once in physics,in 1903 and again in chemistry, in 1911. She was nominated for membership in the French Academy of Science in 1911, but was rejected by one vote, because she was a woman. The Curie (unit quantity of radon in radio-active equilibrium with 1 gram of radium) was named in honor of Marie and Pierre Curie. Madame Curie was a pioneer in the use of radio-activity in medicine, i.e. in treating cancer. This brave, brilliant and diligent lady research scientist ultimately gave her life for her work; she died of leukemia, caused by over-exposure to radio-active substances, at Haute Savoie, France, on July 4, 1934.Norman 545.
(Inventory #: 2253)
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