n.d.. Brownson's Quarterly Review. National Series. Volume I, 512 pages, 5.5" x 8.5" . New York: D & J Sadlier & Co., . Bound, original marbled boards, replaced spine. Slight separations at hinges where bound; plastic tape repair at hinge of front pastedown and front free-endpaper. Text block intact. Good condition.Affixed to the inside cover is a 2.75â x 1.5â label imprinted âInter Folia Fructus / Library of /JAMES A. GARFIELD. / No." Handwritten in manuscript is the Number "90.f." and "Case 8. Shelf D." Garfield's library motto was "inter folia fructus" - "fruit among the leaves."After he published the volume here offered, Orestes Brownson discontinued publication of his Quarterly Review until 1873.Brownson has devoted pages 85-112 to "Art. V. - Third Annual Message of President Lincoln to both Houses of Congress, December 9, 1863, Washington, D.C." In part, "All will agree that this Message, including the Proclamation appended to it, is one of great importance, perhaps the most important that has ever been sent to Congress by a President of the United States. It tells us plainly the Executive Plan for reorganizing the rebellious States as States of the Union, and the terms on which the Rebels may be restored to their rights of property and citizenshipâ¦"We object primarily to the plan of reorganization proclaimed, because it is an Executive plan, and as an Executive plan without the sanction or acquiescence of Congress cannot be carried into effect â¦ But does the President really hold that to determine the conditions on which the seceded States may return as States to the Union is within the province of the Executive? â¦ Here, it strikes us, is an extraordinary assumption of power. Where in the Constitution does the President find it?..."It is not in the Constitution. The Emancipation Proclamation committed the nation to ending slavery. Five days after President Lincoln addressed the Congress, on December 14, 1863, a bill was introduced in the House of Representatives "To provide for submitting to the several States a proposition to amend the National Constitution prohibiting slavery or involuntary servitude in all the States, and in the Territories now owned, or which may hereafter be acquired, by the United States."The Joint Resolution submitting to the legislatures of the several States a proposition to amend the Constitution of the United States was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, by the House on January 31, 1865, and adopted by the States on December 6, 1865. On December 18, 1865, Secretary of State William H. Seward proclaimed it to have been enacted: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except in the punishment for a crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."The engrossed manuscript of the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which abolished slavery was immediately prepared and Lincoln signed it on February 1, 1865, indicating it was "Approved" although he was not required to sign it or approve it. In addition, a limited number of engrossed copies of the 13th Amendment were signed by the Senators and Congressmen, including Garfield, who had approved it.The first Presidential memorial library, completed at the Lawnfield estate in Ohio by the widow of James Garfield four years after his assassination, houses almost 3,000 books that were used and treasured by the 20th president. Books were a scarce commodity to young James, who lost his father before the age of two, and was raised by his mother who struggled to maintain a humble existence. Both James Garfield and his wife Lucretia were voracious readers and amassed a large collection of books. Some twenty years ago, several dozen of his books were de-accessioned. This 1864 bound copy of Brownson's Quarterly Review is one of them. (Inventory #: 60456)
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