1777 · Geneve
Pagination: One leaf (verso) with frontis portrait of Gonzaga after Corvi, engraved by GiovanniVolpatto , (Designer and engraver. B. Bassono 1733 D. Rome 1803). Leaf of title, verso blank,text pages 1-124 in Roman numerals: Collation, 1l, (A)-P4, Q2. Contents: p III: Homme de Lettres,Bon Citoyen; p. XXI: Reflexions sur la Poesis, p. XXVII Essay Analytique sur les DecouvertesCapitales de L’Esprit Humain. The work ranges over modern philosophers including the Englishempiricists. It also discusses the American revolution. The last essay was given at the Royal Societyin London, 1777.
Luigi Gonzaga prince of Castiglione (1745-1819) was a scholar and a native of Vienna. His lineagewas from the ancient house of Gonzaga a noble family that ruled Mantua, in Northern Italy, from1328 to 1708; they also ruled Monferrato in Piedmont and Nevers in France. His family was a subbranchof the Gonzaga and Solferino family. His parents were Ferdinand III of Castiglione andElena Medin. Childless, he was the last in the line of this branch of the Gonzaga family. LuigiGonzaga became a scholar, traveler and activist and who read and followed the philosophers of theenlightenment and understood the need for progressive measures to support civil rights, freedom anddemocracy.
Expelled from Venice for his progressive ideas, Luigi Gonzaga became first a refugee, then an exile,then a tolerated member of a learned and ancient family. During his stay in Rome he became afriend of the poet Maria Maddalena Morelli. He was elected to membership in the patricianPontificia Accademia degli Arcadi. (Founded Rome 1690, The “Accademia degli Arcadi” was animportant if archly conservative force in classical literature and culture until the 20th century.
First published Roma : B. Francesi, 1776 as Il Letterato buon cittadino, discorso filosofico e politicodi... Don Luigi Gonzaga di Castiglione, with extensive running commentary by Luigi Godard. Asecond edition in French, in 12mo, was published in Paris : Barrois l'aîné, 1785.
Ref: Portalupi, Napoleone. Sulla legittimitŕ dei principi Gonzaga della linea di Vescovato per ...,Milano, 1871.
Provenence : Edmund Coleru author of .Au pays de l'absinthe. Montbeěliard Impr.Montbeěliardaise 1908 (Inventory #: 1309)