London: Printed for the Author, 1728. First edition, first issue. Hardcover. Housed in fine modern cloth clamshell box with leather spine labels. (VIII), 130 pages. Folio, 57 x 39 cm. Ogden Codman's copy, the prominent Boston architect, with his bookplate. 13 engraved plates of which 9 are double-paged, plus 11 engravings in the text which include illustrations, head and tail pieces. Engraved plates by P. Fourdrinier. With the Latin and English text in double columns, and List of Subscribers -- including the Earls of Aylesford, Aran, Darby, Essex, Cardigan, Oxford Pembroke and the Duke of Somerset, Castell died of small pox in debtor's prison in 1728, the book distributed by his widow. Castell was the first to attempt to define "the rules that were observed in the situating and disposing of the Roman villas" and to reconstruct these villas and gardens from the descriptions left by contemporary historians, primarily Varro and Pliny the Younger. The book's particular importance lies in the history of garden design; it was instrumental in effecting the transition from the formal to the landscape garden. The Library Company of Philadelphia had a copy in 1757 and Thomas Jefferson acquired a copy by 1785. FOWLER 81. "....printed with large margins in beautiful roman and italic types...." MILLARD 11. Interior contents clean and fresh, disbound in original worn and frayed calf covered boards. (Inventory #: 20955)
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