1776 · Mexico
From January 1748 until his death in early July 1765 Manuel Rubio y Salinas served as archbishop of Mexico City, a period that coincided nicely with the rebirth of the Mexican mining industry and the creation of great wealth, new secular and ecclesiastical establishments, and a building boom in the viceregal capital. Rubio and the Church benefitted from the new wealth in significant material ways, but social justice concerns and religious duties were always high on the bishop's list of things requiring his attention, as demonstrated for example in => his leadership in securing the 1754 papal declaration making Our Lady of Guadalupe the patron saint of New Spain.
When Rubio died, the entire viceregal capital turned its energy to commemorating him, much of which is summarized in this volume. It includes a Spanish-language account of the archbishop's last days, his death, and burial (pp. 1–87), followed by Pedro Jose Rodriquez de Arizpe's Latin-language funeral oration ("Maximum occidentis sidus. Ilmus, nempe d. doct. Emmanuel Josephus Rubio, et Salinas . . . In cujus solemni funere quinto idus octobris ann. MDCCLXV, declamabat p. doct. Petrus Josephus Rodriguez, et Arizpe," pp. 87–112), and ending with Cayetano Antonio de Torres's Spanish-language funeral sermon (pp. 115–51).
The Spanish-language account of the burial includes a detailed description of the funeral monument (i.e., cenotaph) that the city erected for the archbishop, including the inscriptions and epigrams that were by F.J. Alegre. Following the last page of the text, there is => a large folding engraved plate by Manuel Villavicencio after the design of the monument by Miguel Cabrera, "pintor americano." The engraving is detailed, exquisite, and includes a measure of scale.
=> A good source for the study of Mexican colonial architecture, commemorative ceremonies, and treatment of and thinking about death.
Palau 6584; Medina, Mexico, 5067; DeBacker-Sommervogel, I, 153. Contemporary vellum with remnants of ties; spine damaged with loss to hungry rodents not affecting paper. One short tear in margin of folding plate, well away from image. => A very clean, very good copy. (Inventory #: 36410)