Topographical Map Of The City and County Of New - York, and the adjacent Country; One of the most beautiful 19th century maps of New York
by BURR, David H.
New York: J. H. Colton, 1840. unbound. Folding map. Dissected into 27 parts and backed with original linen. Measures 30 inches x 68 3/4 inches. This magnificent map drawn by David H. Burr and published by J. H. Colton is known to be one of the most beautiful 19th century maps of New York. Focusing on the topography, it covers the entire island of Manhattan and includes parts of Brooklyn and Jersey City. This particular map is the second state of the first edition and was issued in 1841 with 1840 depicted in the title. With relief shown by hachure, the map notes the grid structure up to 155th, clearly based on John Randel's survey and the Commissioner's Plan of 1811. Although Bloomingdale Road (modern day Broadway) north of 23rd st. was ghosted in on the Commissioner's Plan, it was officially restored to 42nd street in 1838 and reappears here, straighten up to 42nd street, north of which it continues to wanders. Sections of the road would continue to be straightened until it was fully restored in 1865. The map beautifully depicts the topography, more prominent in the northern regions (as the southern sections were more developed at the time) and notes squares, parks, important buildings, streams, valleys, forts, woods, trees, marshes, and swamps, revealing the unspoiled terrain of northern Manhattan. One of the many striking features of the map is the incredibly elaborate border with beautifully illustrated vignettes featuring important buildings, landmarks, scenes etc. These include City Hall, Wall Street, Columbia College, Custom House, Female Orphan Asylum, St. Luke's Church, Navy Yard, New York as seen from Governor's Island, etc. Two large views appear along the bottom border. The first is a view of Broadway from the Park, which features the newly built Astor House (completed in 1836). The second view titled "Nieuw Amsterdam, 1659" features one of the earliest views of the city from the famous Jansson-Visscher Map. This was also one of the very few views to show St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church in Barclay Street. This particular issue is the second state of the map (The first state was published in 1836) and reveals minor differences from the first. Madison Square is labeled, as are Livingston Place and Rutherford Place on the west and east of Stuyvesant Square. The vignette in the border depicting the "Female Orphan Asylum" was labeled the 'Female Lunatic Asylum" in the first state. The first state also does not includes the landfill in the Hudson River from Hammond Street to harlem Cove in Manhattanville. The map is engraved by S. Stiles and Co. and "Entered according to act of Congress in the year 1836 by J.H. Colton & Co. in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the Southern District of New York." In good condition with overall toning. Dissected into 27 parts and backed with original linen. Fold lines show some wear. Some damp stains and foxing along bottom fold, especially near right border and title and along the top border. Accompanied by, but detached from original cover. Overall, this is an incredible vision of Manhattan, now one of the densest cities in the world, from a time when it was a verdant island with hills and flowing streams. The Colton family was one the most prolific and successful publishers of maps and atlases in the United States. J.H. Colton (1800-1893) founded his business in NYC in 1831. David H. Burr (1803-1875) served as Topographer to the United States Post Office and Geographer to the House of Representatives and was widely known for his accuracy and attention to detail. His "Universal Atlas" was the first to map each of the United States individually.
(Inventory #: 268715)
Americana, Art, Autographs, First Editions, Modern First Editions, Maps & Prints, Medicine & Science, Out-of-Print
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