1946 · Lancaster PA:
"The German physicist Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker had postulated in 1938 that most elements were formed in explosions similar to that taking place in Lemaitre's primeval atom, but he did not state clearly whether the birthplace was cosmological or stellar. The turning point came in 1946, when Gamow discussed quantitatively the role of nuclear processes in relativistic cosmologies. His brief 1946 paper on the expanding universe and the origin of elements marks the beginning of modern big bang theory?" – Norriss S. Hetherington (ed.), Cosmology: Historical, Literary, Philosophical, Religious and Scientific Perspectives.
"Gamow indication on the possibility to explain the observed chemical elements abundance-curve by assumption of unequilibrium process of elements formation during a limited interval of time." – Ezhela, V. V., Filimonov, B. B., Lugovsky, S. B., et al. (eds.). Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries, American Institute of Physics, 1996.
George Gamow, Russian physicist, studied in the Physico-Mathematical Faculty of Novorossysky University, then transferred to the University of Petrograd (Leningrad). From 1934 he was appointed professor of physics at George Washington University, WDC.; in 1956 he left that campus for the University of Colorado, Boulder. The present letter was the first announcement of his work on the origin of the elements and the "big bang" theory. The longer paper, written jointly with R. Alpher, and assisted by R. Herman, appeared 2 years later in 1948. – DSB, V, pp. 271-273. (Inventory #: S13095)