· Colophon: Venetiis
An early printing if an incomplete copy of this brilliantly successful rendition of Dioscorides' Materia Medica, here in Latin (and some Greek) with Mattioli's extensive commentary, added plants not found in Dioscorides, and => copious woodcut illustrations. Mattioli first published his Italian translation in 1544, and the first Latin edition followed in 1554; the Latin commentaries here are revised and expanded from the "Discorsi" of the 1544 Italian edition.
Pritzel notes that => 62 of the 703 woodcuts are non-botanic, and In addition to the plants, a variety of land and sea creatures (including porcupines, seahorses, and various shellfish) are illustrated here, as well as scenes of a man catching snakes, a hound chasing hares, a beekeeper with hives, farmers shearing sheep, a man riding an elephant, and more. (133 of the cuts, according to Pritzel, appear here for the first time — including one of a mummy.)
Evidence of readership: Extensive early inked marginalia in Latin, some illustrations with additional Latin captions in a different early inked hand; intermittent underlining.
This copy has lost its title-page and apparatus including the first of its two prefaces i.e., (the dialogues) and the preliminary index; but its primary preface ("Praefatio Dioscoridis") and all of the Materia Medica itself are present.
Adams D667; Brunet, III, 1538; Nissen, Botanishe Buchillustration, 1305; Pritzel 5985. Covers lacking, with sewing structure intact and in fact with the => text block workably solid; first text page tipped on (outer edge chipped), back fly-leaf tattered. Title-page, 100 preliminary, and 50 final pages ("Apologia adversus Amathum Lusitanum, cum censura in ejusdem ennarrationes") lacking. Upper outer corners of about 20 early leaves dog-eared; a few leaves creased; two leaves with short tears from upper margins, not touching text; one leaf with tear from lower margin extending into text, without loss; one leaf with outer margin chipped, affecting marginalia and one shouldernote but not main text; one leaf with closed tear within text; one leaf with lower outer portion torn away, with loss of portions of ten lines. Scattered spots of mild staining and foxing; markings as above; some marginalia shaved. An imperfect copy, but one with => all illustrations present, excellent evidence of contemporary scholarly interaction with the text, and binding structure exposed for potential study. Housed in a phase box for protection. (Inventory #: 36428)