The workes of that famous chirurgion Ambrose Parey
by Pare, Ambroise
London: Th: Cotes and R. Young, 1634. Paré, Ambroise (1510? – 1590). The workes of that famous chirurgion Ambrose Parey translated out of Latine and compared with the French . . . Translated by Thomas Johnson. Folio. Engraved title by T. Cecil, , 487, 553-1083, 1093-1173, pp. Over 300 woodcut illustrations, some full-page. London: Thomas Cotes & R. Young, 1634. 333 x 211 mm. Calf ca. 1634, expertly rebacked. Repairs to both free endpapers and blank corner of last leaf, minor toning in a few leaves, light marginal waterstaining on a few leaves, but on the whole a fine, crisp copy. First Edition in English. Paré’s collected works, first published in French in 1575, represent the greatest and most influential book in Renaissance surgery, and the first original surgical writing in Europe since the Middle Ages. Paré’s innovations in treatment are extraordinarily comprehensive, ranging from his opposition to boiling oil in gunshot wounds and ligature instead of cautery in amputations to his revival of podalic version in obstetrics. He popularized the truss in hernia, and ushered in the modern age of prostheses and brace-making, using armorers, whose trade was disappearing with the advent of gunpowder, to manufacture his devices. “Paré used rope and windlass traction for femoral fractures and was able to distinguish hip dislocation from fracture of the femoral neck. He confirmed the cord compression in vertebral fractures that had been recognized by the Egyptians and Hippocrates . . . Paré used appliances and methods rather like those of Hippocrates for reducing hip and shoulder dislocations, and one or two special to himself. He describes displacement of the ‘appendices’ (i.e. epiphyses) of the long bones, to be restored if deformity is to be avoided, and reduced neck dislocations by manipulation and traction . . . ” (Le Vay, History of Orthopedics, pp. 224-25; also 222-230). Paré anticipated Andry in pointing out the role of bad posture in scoliosis, was the first to use corsets to correct spinal deformities, and invented boots for clubfoot. His surgical and orthopedic devices are amply illustrated in the English first edition of his work, which contains over 300 fine woodcut illustrations. Most of Johnson’s English translation was based on the first Latin edition of 1582, made from the second edition of the French Oeuvres (1579); however, the “Apologie and treatise,” not having yet appeared in Latin, was translated directly from the French. It has been debated whether the translator was the same Thomas Johnson who edited Gerard’s Herball; Doe suggests that Johnson may have revised an earlier translation of the surgical books made by George Baker, adding to it his own translation of the medical books (see Doe, pp. 172-181, for a full discussion of the evidence). The woodcuts were probably copies of those in the 1582 Latin Opera, except for those illustrating the anatomical books, which were taken from the Helkiah Crooke’s Microcosmographia (1615; 1631), a translation of Gaspard Bauhin's Theatrum anatomicarum (1605). This copy contains what is thought to be the earlier version of the dedication to Lord Herbert of Cherbury, in which he is given the title “Knight of the Garter” and addressed as “Sir” (see Doe, p. 171). Doe, A Bibliography of the Works of Ambroise Paré, no. 51. Norman 1640. S.T.C. 19189. (Inventory #: 44042)
You can be confident that when you make a purchase through ABAA.org, the item is sold by an ABAA member in full compliance with our Code of Ethics. Our sellers guarantee your order will be shipped promptly and that all items are as described. Buy with confidence through ABAA.org.