Sectional map of the Territory of Kansas compiled from the field notes in the Surveyor General's Office
by HALSALL, John
St. Louis: John Halsall, 1857. Engraved folding pocket map, full contemporary hand-colouring, ornamental border. Folds into publisher's blindstamped cloth covers, upper cover titled in gilt, Colton ad on the front pastedown. Minor wear to spine of covers, map in excellent condition. Rare pocket map of Kansas Territory issued during the Bleeding Kansas conflict. The passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created those territories with the provision that the region's settlers would decide whether slavery would be lawful. The border state of Kansas thus became a breeding ground for anti- and pro-slavery conflict. Pro-slavery Missourians, known as border ruffians, flooded into the eastern half of the state, specifically along the Missouri River where slave-based agriculture would be feasible. Anti-slavery forces rallied, sending settlers from the North, with most coming from New England. Free state settlements were created in Topeka and Lawrence (both identified on this map), with the border ruffians establishing their capital at Lecompton (prominently displayed on this map and labelled in all capital letters). This map depicts the eastern half of the territory, extending as far west as the Principal Meridian. Thirty-seven counties are named, along with numerous locations of Indian lands and reservations. Numerous towns and forts are shown, along with the principal roads and waterways. "Large detailed map showing the Indian Lands and Reservations, the Forts, Towns, Rivers; with accurate sections as surveyed to that date" (Eberstadt). This map, however, is at its essence a cartographic representation of the slavery conflict and the events leading to the Civil War. Halsall's map, published in St. Louis, is considerably more rare than its Free Soil counterpart, issued by Whitman and Searl and printed in Boston. This is Heaston's third issue of the map, with the Kansas Indian Reservation identified, and the counties of Washington, Clay, Dickinson and Pottawatomie added. Eberstadt 113:273; Phillips, A List of Maps of America , p. 346; Heaston, Kansas Pocket Maps 9.
(Inventory #: 32672)
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