187079 · Guatemala
For Guatemala the 1870s were years of a Liberal government and 19th-century Liberal reforms: confiscation of Church property and the concomitant excloistering of nuns and monks, improved sanitation, improved supervision of food handling, economic reforms, securing a free press, bringing telegraphy and the railroad to the nation, and improving the police force and public education.
The decade began with the 1871 overthrow of Vicente Cerna Sandoval's Conservative regime and then saw other military actions including the putting down of the 1872 attempted coup d'etat by the recently ousted Conservatives; and because that failed plot was supported by the government of Honduras, Guatemala went to war with its neighbor.
The collection touches on war, politics, reform, public health, and reaction to reform. The 1870s saw changes in the printing industry in Guatemala; printing could be done on thinner paper and this collection bears witness to that, with some chipping at edges, some brittleness over all, and some items damp-damaged with loss of blank areas (only). Over all, good to very good condition, with a very few exceptions. (Inventory #: 36863)