184243 · Campeche, Merida
The culture and politics of central Mexico in the 19th century often did not coincide with those of the Yucatan, especially after the dissolution of the constitution of the First Empire. The long-smoldering discontent that the post-Empire constitutions engendered reached the breaking point for the Yucatecans in March of 1841 and on the 16th of that month => the peninsula declared its independence from the rest of Mexico.
The Yucatecans were perhaps encouraged by the Tejanos and their successful separation from Mexico in 1836.
The four manuscript documents, two broadsides, and nine newspapers in this collection date from the period of the first Mexican invasion of the peninsula and the central government's failed attempt to quell what it saw as a rebellion — an invasion that was not repelled until April, 1843. Included here are: 1) A pair of letters dated Merida 17 and 24 January 1843, from Juan de Regil to Mauricio de Santelices of Havana regarding the political situation. 2) A printed broadside proclamation by President Miguel Barbachano (Mérida, 2 December 1842), imposing a heavy tax on and forced loans from the nation's industrialists, merchants, and professionals. 3) A manuscript extract from a letter (Merida, 21 December 1842) from an unknown Spanish national to Santelices, requesting assistance in leaving Yucatan due to the oppressive new tax, but also giving first-hand information about => military operations. 4) An Autograph Letter Signed, Campeche, 17 February 1843, from Geronimo Ferrer y Valls (Spanish commercial agent in Yucatan) to the Captain General of Cuba in Havana, expressing concern for the safety of Spanish nationals in the Yucatan and containing details of => murders and summary military executions. 5) A printed broadside entitled Opinion General, Verdaderas ideas y convicciones de las secciones del ejército del Estado acampadas extramuros de esta Ciudad (Campeche: José M. Peralta, 1843). And, 6) Nine issues of the Boletin del Espiritu del Siglo dated January to June 1843, most with => excellent content on Yucatecan resistance to the invasion by Mexico.
The Boletin del Espiritu del Siglo (published in Campeche by Jose Maria Peralta) is quite scarce, with only Yale reporting ownership of a very good but incomplete run. Present here are issues from 1843: 43 (7 January), 46 (13 January), 48 (15 January), 52 (19 January), 53 (20 January), 63 (30 January), 144 (22 April), 148 (26 April), and 189 (6 June).
=> Primary source material on the Republic of the Yucatan is rare.
Neither broadside is found in WorldCat, CCILA, or Palau. Boletin del Espiritu del Siglo is not listed in Charno, Latin American Newspapers, nor in CCILA. Some newspaper issues and one broadside are browned or partially so. Overall condition is good or better. (Inventory #: 37063)