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    [COLLECTION OF TWENTY-FIVE TREATIES BETWEEN MEXICO AND OTHER NATIONS MADE BETWEEN 1825 AND 1856, WITH AN APPENDIX CONTAINING ANOTHER FIVE TREATIES AND DOCUMENTS INVOLVING THE UNITED STATES, MEXICO, AND LATIN AMERICAN NATIONS]

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[Various places, 1825-1856].. Various paginations, enumerated below. Most of the treaties are in folio format, with a few (noted below) in octavo. The entire collection is in a single folio volume bound in 19th-century three-quarter calf and marbled boards, spine gilt. Fine. A great collection of Mexican treaties, including sixteen made within the first twenty years of Mexico's independence from Spain, and also including the exceedingly rare Mexican printing of the Gadsden Purchase Treaty, and the official Mexican printing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican-American War. In all, the collection charts the progress of Mexican international relations and diplomacy in the first thirty- five years after independence and comprises treaties with the United States (six in all), European powers (including their former mother country, Spain), and other South American nations. Though the origin of this volume is unknown, it was quite possibly compiled by a member of the Mexican government or of the Mexican diplomatic corps in the mid-19th century. The volume is prefaced with a manuscript title reading: "Coleccion de Tratados Celebrados con la Republica Mexicana." As noted, a highlight of the collection is the extremely rare Mexican printing of the Gadsden Purchase Treaty of 1853, by which the United States created its present southwestern border, and Mexico gave up parts of what are now present-day southern Arizona and New Mexico. The United States had also pressed for the states of Sonora and Baja California as well, but Mexico did not accede to that deal. The official Mexican printing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (one of only 500 copies, according to Palau) is also present. Also included is Mexico's 1823 treaty with Colombia - the first the newly- independent Mexico made with another nation, as well as the 1826 treaty with Great Britain, which was the first Mexican treaty with a European power. Several of the treaties with Britain include articles by which Mexico agrees to end the slave trade. Mexico's treaty with Spain of 1838 - by which Spain formally recognized Mexican independence and made peace with her break- away colony - is included here in the rare official folio edition. Many of the treaties of the 1820s and '30s carry clauses accommodating the relative inequality of Mexican commerce and shipping vis à vis the United States and European powers. The treaties, conventions, and other documents - in the order in which they are bound in the volume - are as follow: 1) [Mexico-Colombia Treaty]: PRIMERIA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO. SECCION DE ESTADO. EL PRESIDENTE DE LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1825]. [5]pp. Folio. Mexico negotiated a treaty of amity and commerce with the new republic of Colombia in the fall of 1823, but it was not ratified until Sept. 20, 1825, and printed immediately thereafter. This is the first treaty between Mexico and another power, and probably the first treaty of Gran Colombia as well (which then encompassed Ecuador and Venezuela as well as Colombia). 2) [Mexico-Great Britain Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO, DEPARTMENTO DEL EXTERIOR...EL ESCMO. SR. PRESIDENTE DE LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1827]. 12pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and English. Folio. The first treaty between Mexico and a European power, this amity and commerce treaty was negotiated in London in December of 1826 and ratified in Mexico on Oct. 29, 1827. This was a significant diplomatic victory for England, which was embroiled in Caribbean trade disputes with the United States (John Quincy Adams would close American ports to British shipping from Caribbean colonies the next year). The U.S. still lacked a treaty with Mexico, and this insinuated British influence against American expansion. 3) [Mexico-Great Britain Treaty]: TRATADO PARA LA ABOLICION DEL TRAFICO DE ESCLAVOS, CELEBRADO ENTRE LA REPUBLICA MEXICANA Y S.M. BRITANICA. [Mexico City. 1843]. [2],18pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and English. Folio. Part of England's crusade against the slave trade, this treaty was agreed to in 1841 and ratified in 1843. Mexico had outlawed slavery on gaining independence. 4) [Mexico - Slave Trade]: MINISTERIO DE RELACIONES INTERIOR Y ESTERIORES...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1851]. Folio broadside. An 1851 proclamation calling for aiding England in enforcing prohibition of the slave trade, and citing the provisions of the 1841 treaty to that effect. 5) [Mexico-Netherlands Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO. DEPARTAMENTO DEL EXTERIOR. EL ESCMO. SR. PRESIDENTE DE LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1829]. 9pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and Dutch. Folio. Treaty of amity and commerce between Mexico and the Netherlands, negotiated in 1827 and ratified in 1829, the second treaty between Mexico and a European power. 6) [Mexico-Denmark Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO. DEPARTAMENTO DEL ESTERIOR...EL ESCMO. SR. PRESIDENTE DE LOS ESTADOS-UNIDOS MEXICANOS...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1829]. [9]pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and French. Folio. This treaty of amity and commerce with Denmark was negotiated in 1828 and ratified in 1829. 7) [Mexico-Hanover Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO. DEPARTAMENTO DEL ESTERIOR. EL PRESIDENTE DE LOS ESTADOS-UNIDOS MEXICANOS...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1829]. 15pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and French and in Spanish and English. Mexico's campaign to establish good relations with the major European powers continued with this treaty with a major German state, agreed to in 1828 and ratified the same day as the Denmark treaty, on Oct. 29, 1829. Actually, only the first two pages (printed in Spanish and French) relate directly to Hanover, the rest being taken up by a printing of the Mexican treaty with Great Britain of 1826 (item 2 above). Logical, if one remembers that the British monarch, George IV, was also the King of Hanover at the time. 8) [Mexico-United States Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO. DEPARTAMENTO DEL ESTERIOR. EL ESCMO. SR. PRESIDENTE...EL DECRETO...UN TRATADO DE AMISTAD, COMERCIO Y NAVEGACION ENTRE LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS Y LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS DE AMERICA...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1832]. 21pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and English. Folio. This is the second treaty between Mexico and the United States, negotiated in 1831 and ratified in Mexico on Dec. 1, 1832. The Mexican government had refused to sign a treaty of amity and commerce until a boundary treaty had been concluded, and that treaty, negotiated in 1828, was ratified the same day. The clauses were fairly standard for such a commercial treaty, with the interesting addition of a clause by which the powers agreed not to incite hostile Indians to attack each other. Since Texas was then a part of Mexico, this treaty applied to trade with Texas as well, but Streeter fails to note a Mexican printing of the treaty, only listing the Congressional printing. MALLOY, p.1085. PALAU 339368. 9) [Mexico-United States Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO. DEPARTAMENTO DEL ESTERIOR...UN TRATADO PARA LA DEMARCACION DE LOS LIMITES...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1832]. 5pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and English. Folio. This brief treaty adds an extension to the 1828 treaty of limits, which contained a deadline on ratification, so as to allow its passage with the amity and commerce treaty. Like the 1828 treaty and the amity and commerce treaty, it was ratified in Mexico on Dec. 1, 1832. MALLOY, p.1084. 10) [Mexico-United States Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO, DEPARTAMENTO DE EXTERIOR...QUE A EFECTO DE FACILITAR EL CUMPLIMIENIO DEL ART. 3 DEL TRATADO DE LIMITES...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1836]. [4]pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and English. Folio. By this treaty, negotiated in 1835, the United States and Mexico added a clause to the 1828 treaty of limits, agreeing to commissioners meeting to survey the boundary of the U.S. and Mexico, especially along the Sabine River. By the time this was ratified the point was moot; Texas had seized independence and the Sabine boundary no longer existed. The day set for ratification was, in fact, the same day as the Battle of San Jacinto. MALLOY, p.1099. STREETER TEXAS 1257a (two copies, and noting a 1958 auction record of $400). 11) [Mexico-United States Treaty]: MINISTERIO DE RELACIONES ESTERIORES...CONVENCION PARA EL ARREGLO DE RECLAMACIONES DE CIUDADANOS DE LOS ESTADOS- UNIDOS DE AMERICA, CONTRA EL GOBIERNO DE LA REPUBLICA MEXICANA...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1840]. [4]pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and English. Folio. This treaty, the fifth chronologically between Mexico and the United States, attempted to set up a structure for settling claims of citizens. Many U.S. traders in Mexico had claims there, and many Mexicans who had lost property in the Texas Revolution now made claims against the U.S. These nagging problems received no real settlement here. MALLOY, p.1101. 12) [Mexico-United States Treaty]: TRATADO DE PAZ, AMISTAD, LIMITES Y ARREGLO DEFINITIVO ENTRE LA REPUBLICA MEXICANA Y LOS ESTADOS- UNIDOS DE AMERICA...[second titlepage, in English, reads:] TREATY OF PEACE, FRIENDSHIP, BOUNDARIES, AND DEFINITIVE SETTLEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE MEXICAN REPUBLIC.... Mexico City. 1848. 55pp. printed in Spanish and English on facing pages. The official Mexican printing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the war of 1846-48 between the United States and Mexico, and resulting in the formal cession of the entire Southwest and California to the United States. Agreements were reached for the withdrawal of American troops from Mexico, the payment of Mexican claims, and the formal cession of territory (the U.S. had already occupied all of the land). The theoretical boundaries were set out and arrangements for boundary commissioners were made. By this treaty the U.S. made an addition of land only equalled by the Louisiana Purchase and the Alaska Purchase. An important American treaty, here in a scarce printing (only 500 copies, according to Palau). MALLOY, p.1107. PALAU 339389. 13) [Mexico-United States Treaty]: SECRETARIO DE ESTADO Y DEL DESPACHO RELACIONES EXTERIORES...UN TRATADO ENTRE LA REPUBLICA MEJICANA Y LOS ESTADOS-UNIDOS DE AMERICA...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1854]. [8]pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and English. Folio. The extremely rare official printing of the Gadsden Purchase Treaty, agreed to on Dec. 30, 1853, and ratified the following year. By this agreement the United States purchased what is now the southern part of the states of Arizona and New Mexico, thus securing the land needed for the southern route of the transcontinental railroad. The main U.S. negotiator, James Gadsden, had attempted to buy Baja California and Sonora as well, but was rebuffed. This was the last addition to the land mass of the continental United States, and the eighth treaty chronologically with Mexico. MALLOY, p.1121. 14) [Mexico-Saxony Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO. DEPARTAMENTO DE ESTERIOR. EL PRESIDENTE DE LOS ESTADOS-UNIDOS MEXICANOS...UN TRATADO DE AMISTAD Y COMMERCIO...EL REY DE SAJONIA...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1833]. [5]pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and French. Folio. Another early Mexican treaty with one of the German states, following Hanover in 1829. As with that treaty, the formal signatory was the British king (in this instance William IV), who was descended of the House of Hanover. 15) [Mexico-Chile Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO. DEPARTAMENTO DEL ESTERIOR. EL VICE- PRESIDENTE DE LOS ESTADOS- UNIDOS MEXICANOS...UN TRATADO DE AMISTAD, COMERCIO Y NAVEGACION ENTRE LOS ESTADOS- UNIDOS MEXICANOS Y LA REPUBLICA DE CHILE...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1833]. [4]pp. Folio. The first Mexican treaty with Chile, and the second with a South American power, after Gran Colombia in 1825. The treaty was ratified on Oct. 1, 1833. Not in Palau. 16) [Mexico-Peru Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO. DEPARTAMENTO DEL ESTERIOR, EL ESCMO. SR. PRESIDENTE...UN TRATADO DE AMISTAD, COMERCIO, Y NAVEGACION, ENTRE LOS ESTADOS-UNIDOS MEXICANOS Y LA REPUBLICA DEL PERU...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1833]. [5]pp. Folio. The first Mexican treaty with Peru, and the third with a South American power, following closely on the heels of the Chile treaty, being ratified on Nov. 20, 1833. This was very shortly after independence was gained from the Spanish, and Peru still included Bolivia. PALAU 339369. 17) [Mexico- Prussia Treaty]: PRIMERA SECRETARIA DE ESTADO. DEPARTAMENTO DEL ESTERIOR. EL ESCMO. SR. PRESIDENTE...UN TRATADO DE AMISTAD, NAVEGACION Y COMERCIO ENTRE LOS ESTADOS-UNIDOS MEXICANOS Y S.M. EL REY DE PRUSIA...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1836]. 11pp. Printed double columns in French and Spanish. Folio. Treaty between Mexico and the most important of the German states, ratified on April 16, 1836. 18) [Mexico-Spain Treaty]: TRATADO DEFINITIVO DE PAZ Y AMISTAD ENTRE LA REPUBLICA MEXICANA Y S.M. CATOLICA. [Mexico City. 1838]. [7]pp. Folio. Certainly the most important Mexican treaty before Guadalupe Hidalgo, this treaty with Spain officially recognized that Mexico was now independent from the mother country, established peace between the two countries (they had technically been at war since the Revolution), agreed to conclude treaties on claims and commerce, and settled other differences. This official folio printing is not in Palau, who notes only a quarto printing of 1843. PALAU 339375 (another Mexico printing). 19) [Mexico-Spain Treaty]: SECRETARIA DE ESTADO Y DEL DESPACHO DE RELACIONES EXTERIORES...UNA CONVENCION ENTRE ESTA REPUBLICA Y LA ESPANA...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1854]. [5]pp. Folio. This convention, negotiated between 1851 and 1854, sought to settle outstanding differences between Spain and Mexico, mainly relating to claims and commercial problems. 20) [Mexico-France Treaty]: MINISTERIO DE RELACIONES ESTERIORES. EL ESCMO. SR. PRESIDENTE...UN TRATADO DE PAZ ENTRE ESTA REPUBLICA Y EL REINO DE FRANCIA...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1840]. [4]pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and French. Folio. This peace treaty ended the so-called "Pastry War" between France and Mexico. The French had blockaded the main Mexican port of Vera Cruz in an attempt to collect claims due French citizens. After landing some troops, an agreement was negotiated and the French withdrew. 21) [Mexico-France Treaty]: MINISTERIO DE RELACIONES EXTERIORES. EL ESCMO. SR. PRESIDENTE...UNA CONVENCION ENTRE ESTA REPUBLICA Y EL REINO DE FRANCIA...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1840]. [3]pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and French. Folio. A convention for the settlement of claims which had prompted the French blockade of Vera Cruz. 22) [Mexico- Hanseatic League Treaty]: MINISTERIO DE RELACIONES ESTERIORES Y GOBERNACION. EL ESCMO. SR. PRESIDENTE PROVISIONAL...UN TRATADO DE AMISTAD, NAVEGACION Y COMERCIO ENTRE ESTA REPUBLICA Y LA CIUDADES LIBRES Y ANSEATICAS...[caption title]. [Mexico City. 1842]. 11pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and French. Folio. Commercial treaty between Mexico and the Baltic and north German ports of Lubeck, Bremen, and Hamburg. 23) [Mexico-Austria Treaty]: TRATADO DE AMISTAD, NAVEGACION Y COMERCIO ENTRE LA REPUBLICA MEXICANA Y S.M. EL EMPERADOR DE AUSTRIA, REY DE HUNGRIA Y DE BOHEMIA.... [Mexico City. 1843]. [2],12pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and French. Folio. Mexico's first treaty with the Austro- Hungarian empire, which later provided its ill-fated emperor, Maximilian. PALAU 339383. 24) [Mexico-German States Treaty]: TRATADO DE AMISTAD, NAVEGACION Y COMERCIO CELEBRADO ENTRE LA REPUBLICA MEXICANA Y LOS REINOS Y ESTADOS GOBERANOS DE ALEMANIA.... [Mexico City. 1856]. 14pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and black-letter German. Folio. General commercial treaty between Mexico and nineteen German states, including some, such as Prussia and Saxony, with whom treaties already existed, and numerous smaller principalities. 25) [Mexico-Sardinia Treaty]: TRATADO DE AMISTAD, NAVEGACION Y COMERCIO, ENTRE LA REPUBLICA MEXICANA Y S.M. EL REY DE CERDENA. [Mexico City. 1856]. [2],10pp. printed in double columns in Spanish and Italian. Folio. Commercial treaty with Sardinia, then including northern Italy. PALAU 339396. 26) [Mexican War]: EXPOSICION DIRIGIDA AL SUPREMO GOBIERNO POR LOS SENORES COMISIONADOS QUE FIRMARON EN GUADALUPE EL TRATADO DE PAZ...[manuscript title]. [Mexico City. 1848]. [3]- 28pp. Leaves individually mounted on larger sheets. Lacks printed titlepage. This pamphlet discusses the Mexican side of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the new boundary with the United States, and includes instructions from the Mexican government to their boundary commissioners. TUTOROW 4125. 27) [United States-Mexico Relations]: WASHINGTON, MARCH 23, 1847. SIR: THE GOVERNMENT OF MEXICO HAVING REPEATEDLY REJECTED THE FRIENDLY OVERTURES OF THE UNITED STATES...[caption title]. [Washington. 1847]. 14pp. Folio. This proclamation, ordered by U.S. President Polk and promulgated by the Treasury Department, asserts that since the Mexican government would not make terms: "It is the right of the conquerors to levy contributions upon the enemy in their seaports, towns, or provinces...." The document then lays out the taxing powers of the military government, especially to collect customs revenues. There follows a table of "Tariff of Duties...giving rates, setting up the customs system, and providing rates. 28) [United States-Colombia Treaty]: BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. A PROCLAMATION...WHEREAS A GENERAL CONVENTION OF PEACE, AMITY, NAVIGATION AND COMMERCE BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AND THE REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA...[caption title]. [Washington. 1825]. [2],9pp. printed in double columns in English and Spanish. Folio. The official U.S. printing of the first treaty between the United States and another American power. Eager to extend their hemispheric influence in the spirit of the Monroe Doctrine, the U.S. was ready to establish diplomatic ties with the new South American republics. Gran Colombia, encompassing most of present Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, and part of Ecuador, was the first of the new Republics to make a treaty with the U.S. A landmark in American diplomatic history. MALLOY, p.292. 29) [United States-Peru Treaty]: TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP, COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION, BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE REPUBLIC OF PERU. [Washington. 1852]. 23pp. printed in double columns in English and Spanish. Folio. The United States concluded a treaty with Peru- Bolivia in 1836, but civil war tore that original republic apart. This is the first treaty with the reconstituted republic, with boundaries close to those presently existing. This was particularly important to the United States because of the many American vessels which put into the port of Lima. 30) [United States-France Convention]: CONSULAR CONVENTION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF THE FRENCH. [Washington. 1853]. 10,[1]pp. printed in double columns in English and French. Folio. The second American consular convention with France, replacing that of 1788. MALLOY, p.528.

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