1855 · Philadelphia
Nineteenth century Philadelphia was a hotbed of reform, giving women a range of opportunities of civic and political involvement. The Rosine Association emerged out of this space -- and it was a direct response to problems in the existing Magdalen Society movement. The Magdalen Societies, named for the reformed prostitute in Jesus' retinue, aimed to provide "fallen" women with moral guidance and economic security; but their harsh emphasis on Biblical training and penance, and their rigid schedule of daily domestic work sat poorly with some. Thus, out of a private meeting at a house on Cherry Street in 1847, the Rosine Association was founded. "The new association took a different tack from the existing Magdalen Societies, both because its founders objected to the latter's supervision by men and because they considered its approach repressive. Philadelphia Rosines insisted on female management, both at the policy-making level and in the daily supervision of the institution, promising sympathy and the example of 'respectable' women to the participants. The Rosine Association determined that the girls needed marketable skills and training in household management, so their approach included education and some free time, with no emphasis on moral regeneration" (Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia).
Townsend, the bulk of whose papers reside at the Friends Historical Library, was a Philadelphia Quaker influential in advocating against capital punishment and on behalf of abolition. Townsend, "not as well known as Lucretia Mott but a force unto herself...led the establishment of the Rosine Association" (Swarthmore). "She was in the vanguard of a group of 19th century women who reimagined their roles bringing positive change to the world outside of their home circle" (Landes). Townsend led the organization with the idea that women could best understand the experiences and aid in the lives of other women. The present volume, which includes factual reports as well as poetry and essays, was passed down through the women of her family to her great-granddaughter. Near Fine. (Inventory #: 3343)