A Study of a Disintegration produced by a particle of energy - 20,000 GeV. [Offprint].
by MULVEY, J. H.
[London]:: The Proceedings of the Royal Society, 1954., 1954. Offprint. pp. 367-383. Original wrappers. Signed by Abraham Pais. Very good. Mulvey was with the H.H. Wills Physical Laboratory, University of Bristol. [Abstract: A detailed investigation has been made of a nuclear disintegration produced by a charged particle, almost certainly a proton, of energy 20 000 GeV. The disintegration, of type 22 + 76p, was recorded in a stack of plates exposed at 90 000 ft. The jet of secondary charged particles, and the associated cascade of electrons and photons, can be followed through the emulsion of twenty-two plates. The observations lead to a value 0?25 for the ratio of neutral ?-particles to charged shower particles produced in the disintegration. If ?0-mesons are produced in high-energy nuclear interactions with a frequency half that of the charged ?-mesons, and if 10% of the shower particles are assumed to be protons, the present results indicate that 40 % of the charged shower particles are other than ?-mesons. As there is no evidence for the existence of nucleon pairs, it is reasonable to identify these other particles with the heavy k-particles. The corresponding ratio of the numbers of charged k- to ?-mesons, NK±/N?±, is equal to 0?80±0·4. The interaction length of the shower particles from the event, measured without distinction between the different types of mesons which may be among them, is shown to be very nearly equal to the value for nucleons. It follows that the k-mesons, which constitute a large fraction of the shower particles, interact strongly with nuclei.] (Inventory #: S13313)
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